Iowa reports the first case of human West Nile virus from 2019 in Audubon County

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Of NewsDesk @ bactiman63

Iowa health officials reported Friday on the first human case of West Nile virus (WNV) infection this year in an adult male from Audubon County.

Iowa
Image / National Atlas of the United States

"Humans are infected by West Nile virus through a mosquito bite," said IDPH medical director, Caitlin Pedati. "Until the first hard frost of the state, whether it is work or play, being outdoors means taking a risk for the infection of the West Nile virus".

Iowans should take the following measures to reduce the risk of exposure to West Nile virus:

  • Use insect repellent with DEET, Picaridin, lemon eucalyptus oil or IR3535.
    • Always read the repellent label and consult a doctor if you have questions when using these types of baby products.
    • For example, lemon eucalyptus oil should not be used on children under 3 years of age and DEET should not be used on children under 2 months of age.
  • Avoid outdoor activities between sunset and sunrise, when mosquitoes are most active.
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts, trousers, shoes and socks when possible outdoors.
  • It eliminates stagnant water around the house because that is where mosquitoes lay their eggs. Empty water from buckets, cans, pool covers and dishes of water for pets. Change the water in bird baths every three or four days.

n 2018, 104 Iowan were diagnosed with West Nile virus and nine died.

Nationally, 39 cases of West Nile virus disease in people have been reported to CDC since 9 July. Of these, 24 (62%) were classified as neuroinvasive disease (such as meningitis or encephalitis) and 15 (38%) were classified as non-neuroinvasive disease.

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