The General Election Commission (KPU) announced incumbent President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo as the winner of the 2019 presidential election on Tuesday morning, giving the president a second and final mandate.
Jokowi won 55.5 percent of the votes or more than 85 million votes, 17 million more than his rival Prabowo Subianto, who received over 68 million votes or 44.5 percent of the votes.
The victory was predicted by renowned pollsters in the country, including the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and Cyrus Network, which predicts its victory against Prabowo at 55.6-44.4.
Jokowi won 21 of the 34 provinces, while Prabowo won 13 provinces, most of which were in Sumatra.
Jokowi, who first took the role of mayor of his hometown Surakarta, Central Java, was among the first to come to power through direct regional elections when they were first introduced in 2005.
Direct regional elections and regional autonomy were among the reforms that were promulgated following the fall of the New Order in 1998, with the goal of decentralizing power and development from Jakarta and Java.
The former furniture entrepreneur who is not a political king and has no ties to the military later ascended to become governor of Jakarta and was elected president in 2014.
CSIS researcher Noory Okthariza said Jokowi set a precedent for a "normal person" who was not part of the political establishment to get a national office and get re-elected.
"He was the first politician outside the Jakarta elite to do it nationally," said Noory The Jakarta Post Tuesday. "He showed that a good performance at the local level could lead to bigger things. He also set a higher bar for regional leaders."
Regional Autonomy Watch executive director Robert Endi Jaweng said that Jokowi's ascendancy to the country's highest office was proof that regional autonomy and decentralization were successful.
"During the New Order, it was mainly the men of business or military academics (of national level) who reached prominent positions in the central government," he told the To send. "Now, Jokowi has shown that succeeding on a smaller scale can lead to results at the national level."
The success of Jokowi has marked the rise of other national intellectuals and elites who have obtained regional positions.
Ganjar Pranowo, an Indonesian political politician from the Democratic Fighting Party (PDI-P) and an experienced parliamentarian, headed the governorate of Central Java and is serving his second term. Award-winning architect Ridwan Kamil is now governor of West Java after a period as mayor of Bandung for five years.
Former minister of education and culture and Muslim scholar Anies Baswedan was elected governor of Jakarta while governor of South Sulawesi Nurdin Abdullah was a successful business manager before leading the regency of Bantaeng for a decade.
"They will all have a chance for the presidency in 2024 and they are all outside the New Order political establishment, which shows that Indonesian democracy is progressing," said Noory.
The victory of the historic operator has also shown the limits of the identity policy that has gripped the country throughout the electoral campaign.
In his presidential candidacy of 2019, Prabowo was supported by members of the 212 Alumni Brotherhood, which was linked to the large sectarian gathering organized on December 2, 2016 to demand the accusation of the Christian and Indonesian Basuki "Ahok" Tjahaja Purnama.
The director of the Populi Center pollster Usep S. Ahyar, director of Jakarta, said that the loss of Prabowo showed that the policy of identity was a limited political tool. "Prabowo has won a lot in West Java and Banten, but it has lost a lot of evil in other parts of Java. The identity policy could work in those two provinces due to historical reasons, but it has no power elsewhere", he said. told al To send.
West Java was the cradle of the Islamic State movement of Indonesia (NII), which began shortly after independence with the goal of turning the country into an Islamic state. "In other regions, such as central and eastern Java, the influence of the UN (Islamic mass organization Nahdlatul Ulama) and its more inclusive ideology have made identity politics less effective," he said.
Also the vice-presidential choice of Jokowi of the elderly Muslim religious and the former supreme leader of the NU Ma & ruf Amin was considered as a way to reduce the effects of identity politics.
In addition to Central and East Java, Jokowi also won in important parts of Kalimantan and East Indonesia, which are not predominantly Muslim.
Jokowi delivered his victory speech Tuesday afternoon, promising to improve social justice in the country over the next five years.
Jokowi also thanked the Indonesians for entrusting him and Ma & ruf with the leadership of the country. "We will translate the trust and mandate of the public into development programs that will be equal and equitable for all groups and classes in all regions," Jokowi said.
Prabowo, who is apparently dissatisfied with the official result, is preparing to present a case to the Constitutional Court.
The president of the party Gerindra, who insisted on the presence of a massive and systematic fraud in the presidential elections, declared that he had rejected the counting of the vote by the KPU.
"We will take all available legal avenues supported by the Constitution," said Prabowo.
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