"It is imperative and urgent that politics regain the digital space"

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Mark Zuckerberg, CEO of Facebook, is received by French President Emmanuel Macron at the Eliseo Palace on 23 May 2018. POOL / EPA-EFE

Tribune. In less than a decade, digital transformation has become the injunction of contemporary modernity. Thus, and as if "the world before" had suddenly become obsolete by the simple fact that technological progress was opening the door to a "new world", now it is necessary to transform everything – until millennia to model, organize and polish, which it is called civilization. The question today is no longer: "We must transform?" But: "How to succeed in its transformation? As if this last had become the condition of survival in a world where even the nature of things would have changed from the simple grace of technological progress.

After the establishment of taxis, hotels and many other sectors, the state itself is now facing this phenomenon that nothing seems to want to hinder

This is like the political city "Old style" is now called to become a digital city (How digital giants want to govern our cities, Jean Haëntjens, Chessboard Street, 160 p., € 15). A city in which physical space, managed by local elected officials, will have to give way to virtual space, controlled by platforms, a city where decisions will no longer be taken by the representatives of the citizens legitimated by an election, but by collectives aggregated by these same platforms and where the consumer will replace the citizen. If an example was necessary for this trend, the movement of "yellow gilets" is currently the most striking expression. In the first sense of the word …

Read also "Yellow jackets": "Constitution disappeared" and unbridled conspiracy on social networks

So, after the establishment of taxis, hotels and many other sectors of the economy, the state itself is now faced with this phenomenon that nothing seems to want to hinder in its walking. Moreover, unlike paramedics, politicians, fascinated by the promises of the digital world to re-enchant the world of a disappointed and troubled postmodern generation, have become the resolute promoter of the digitization of public action and digital inclusion. of citizens. .

Forcing cyberspace

And it is this last that, trained, formatted, adapted, stuck in the social and cognitive bubble chosen for him by the algorithms, even more than a servile consumer, risks tomorrow becoming the useful idiot of a power that has escaped the policy. A power that will not be that of the car, but of those who obey the car. It is a fact, and nature abhors the void, wherever public governance withdraws, others replace it.

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