Every year Italy loses about 8,000 young graduates between the ages of 25 and 34. Over the past 10 years, 120,000 graduates have gone abroad: 40 thousand have returned to our country, while the lost talents amount to 80 thousand. These are the data emerging from “Look4Ward”, Intesa SanPaolo’s Observatory for tomorrow’s work. “The sore point of the country’s system is human capital,” underlines Gregorio De Felice, the banking group’s chief economist.
De Felice also explains that in this way Italy “is constantly losing value, it is losing its human capital”. A loss of value measured in knowledge and skills, which is then highlighted in the difficulty of companies (67%) in finding new talent with technical and IT specializations. This phenomenon occurs in a country «which has the highest percentage of NEETs (Not in employment, education or training) of European Union», observes the chief economist of Intesa SanPaolo. In fact, we are talking about 23.1%, equal to about 2.1 million young people, which rise to 3 million if we consider the age group between 15 and 34 years. Furthermore, “the great theme of generational turnover is evident”, he explains. Between 2011 and 2021, in fact, “the top managers under 49 decreased by 53%”, compared to a 27% increase in the over 70s.
The Intesa SanPaolo Observatory tries to meet the need for new talent by monitoring six months later the skills necessary for the requalification of professional figures in sectors considered strategic for the Italian economy. The aim is to promote and support social and work inclusion. In this latest edition — which examined the six industries considered key points for the evolution of the world of work: Hospitality, Agrifood, Energy, Social & Health, Banking e It — it emerged that 45% of companies struggle to find the necessary manpower.
Who are the Italian neets
From “Look4Ward” it is highlighted that among the Italian neets different categories are recognized:
– abandoned young people, who live with their families of origin;
– young mothers or single women between 20 and 24 years old;
– children of the lockdown, who attended the last years of training during the Covid;
– mismatch talents, who do not possess the skills required by companies.
Considering the working condition, however, three types emerge: the unemployed, who do not have a job but are actively looking for one, the potential workforce, who are not looking for work but are able to work, and the inactive, who do not have a job and are not looking for one. Finally, by educational qualification, it emerges that the majority (51%) have obtained a diploma, 37% have an elementary or middle school diploma or no educational qualifications. A small part, only 12%, has a university degree