JAXA's Hayabusa2 successfully completes the second risky landing on the asteroid

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How much do you know about those countless lonely asteroids scattered in our universe? Apart from the impact of an asteroid, causing the chain reaction that led to the extinction of dinosaurs 65 million years ago, asteroids are very important for our general understanding of the universe.

Asteroids give us more information about the origins of life and the origins of our solar system. Even near-Earth asteroids could be extracted to obtain precious metals. Second Carol Raymond, deputy principal investigator on The dawn of NASA mission, "Materials in asteroids represent the building blocks of planets".

RELATED: HAYABUSA2 SPACE PROBE SET FOR THE COLLECTION OF SAMPLES BY RYUGU ASTEROID

In another historical moment, last Wednesday, the Japanese probe Hayabusa2 was successful landed on the Ryugu asteroid.

Japan & # 39; s Hayabusa2: Sticking the Landing

JAXA's Hayabusa2 successfully completes the second risky landing on the asteroid
Source: JAXA

Launched by JAXA or the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency in December 2014, the mission aimed to collect samples from an asteroid half a mile in diameter. As mentioned above, Ryugu is a carbon-rich rock that could give us more information about the history of our solar system.

However, there's a lot more to this story. The last time the Japanese space shuttle Hayabusa2 was in the news is when it blew up a Ryugu crater in April. Using a myriad of explosives and a bullet-like projectile, Hayabusa2 was able to release a lot of potential rock samples. After successfully landing on the asteroid, the spacecraft collected samples and returned to a safe position above Ryugu.

Hayabusa2 will return to earth with the samples collected by the end of the year.

Understanding the mission

So why are we in space to shoot asteroids? If you didn't already know, Hayabusa2 had already landed briefly on Ryugu in February of this year, again to collect samples. However, these materials have been exposed to the "time" of the solar system.

The 6-10 feet the deep crater of Hayabusa2 will literally give researchers an in-depth look at the asteroid and offer clues to how other potential asteroids like Ryugu react to being hit by objects.

The asteroid is special also because it is a carbonaceous, asteroid. This means that the asteroid is full of carbon molecules known as organic substances; amino acids, the building blocks of proteins. Asteroids like these could have carried the necessary bricks on Earth that they brought to life.

The landing was short and fast but it was risky. The heads of missions took a long time to assess the risk of landing Hayabusa2 again on the asteroid.

Other space agencies, including NASA, are planning missions like these in the near future.

. (TagsToTranslate) Hayabusa 2 (t) JAXA (t) Japan (t) star-shaped (t) Ryugu

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