The gap in healthy life expectancy among parts of Britain has expanded over the past decade to become as large as that between the UK and Sudan, warned an important group of parliamentarians.
As a sign of growing inequality in Britain, residents of Blaenau Gwent in South Wales can now expect up to 16.4 years less health than those in Wokingham in Berkshire, according to a report by the Parliamentary group of all parties (APPG) on inclusive growth.
Led by Labor MP Liam Byrne, the influential group of parliamentarians and colleagues warned that Britain had developed into one of the most unbalanced regional economies in the Western world and needed urgent reforms.
"There is a growing need to move from the underground economy to a new model of inclusive growth," said Byrne. "If current trends persist, we will continue to make the same mistakes; prioritize the amount of economic growth and forget to delve into the economic divisions that are dividing our society."
According to the report, compiled by the thinktank of the Center for Progressive Policy, the levels of health inequality have increased due to factors that go beyond the quality of local health services. These include crime, employment and income as well as access to affordable housing and a good quality education.
The study found that residents of the former mining towns of Blaenau Gwent spend an average of 54.3 years in good health, the lowest figure in Britain and nearly a decade less than a national average of 63.6 years. In contrast, the highest healthy life expectancy in Britain is in the market town of Wokingham, at 70.7 years, according to the Office for National Statistics.
The 16-year difference is as large as the gap between the UK's overall healthy life expectancy and the figure for Sudan, according to separate calculations of the World Health Organization.
By inviting the government to focus on welfare spending rather than economic growth alone, the report classifies local authorities using an "inclusive growth" index. Based on healthy life expectancy, levels of unemployment and inequality, as well as consumer spending and the amount of time off work, Wokingham was also in the lead and Blaenau Gwent below, closely followed by Nottingham and Blackpool .
Examining consumer spending levels, it is stated that the difference between the local authority with the highest levels of household consumption and the lowest was the same as the gap between the UK and Russia.
Despite having found great differences in traditional measures of economic performance, such as the contribution of an area to gross domestic product, he warned that the healthy life expectancy was the main cause of regional imbalances in Great Britain. In terms of prosperity, eight of the top 10 local authorities were in the south-east and London, while three of the 10 at the bottom were in Wales, two were in the northwest and two in the eastern Midlands.
The report also warned that many large cities had high levels of inequality within their borders. The study referred to a 2011 report which found that gaps in healthy life expectancy could reach 15.1 years in local authorities, as well as a local government association report stating that each stop east of Westminster on the subway represented lost almost a year of life expectancy.
In the larger Manchester, he discovered that the Trafford district had the highest degree of inclusive growth, with an index more than twice that of the city of Manchester, which includes low-income urban areas like Moss Side. The focus on measuring inclusive growth is among the demands for governments to look beyond traditional prosperity measures, such as GDP, to set their spending plans based on personal well-being.
New Zealand at the beginning of this year has unveiled a "balance of well-being" with large increases in funds for mental health services, child poverty and the fight against family violence, defining the first global step.
The former head of the civil service, Gus O & # 39; Donnell, urged the government to make personal well-being the primary goal of public spending rather than the growth of the economy.
Jeremy Lefroy, vice president of APPG, said: "Promoting inclusive growth must be the key priority for leaders at national and local level, going beyond GDP to redefine the economic priorities of communities across the country."
. (tagsToTranslate) Life expectancy (t) Health (t) Health and well-being (t) Health policy (t) News in the UK