A week after the start of progressive deconfinement in France, a new stage is reached this Monday with the reopening of the 6th and 5th classes of colleges located in the green zone. The French were also able to take advantage for the first time this weekend of the reopening of part of the shops and beaches.
But the virus is still circulating. Last week, 25 grouped cases or “clusters” were identified and treated in France announced the Minister of Health, Olivier Véran, to the “JDD”.
In the rest of the world, several countries, including Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom published Sunday a daily death toll at the lowest since March. The situation is stabilizing in Russia.
Points to remember
> The number of Covid-19 patients in intensive care fell below 2,000 in France
> A support plan for the automotive sector will be presented in France “within 15 days”
> France and Germany propose a recovery plan of 500 billion euros
Follow this Monday’s events live:
> Christine Lagarde calls on European states to be “up to the challenge”
In an interview with several media including “Les Echos”, the President of the ECB reacts to the proposal made Monday evening by Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron. It calls on the entire European Council to “live up to the seriousness of the economic damage and the social suffering”.
The ECB will not hesitate to “adjust as much as necessary the size, duration and composition” of its instruments to preserve the euro zone. According to the leader, the Stability and Growth Pact must be reviewed.
> Air quality improved significantly during confinement
Containment has led to a significant reduction in air pollution in France, in particular nitrogen dioxide, but less for fine particles, according to Ineris (French Institute for the Industrial Environment and Risks).
“The concentrations of the main air pollutants have thus decreased in major French cities, by an average of 49% for nitrogen dioxide (NO2)”, a local pollutant mainly emitted by road traffic, and by 10 to 12% for fine particles (PM10 and PM2.5), said the Institute.
> The European recovery plan could be used to “renovate” the French hospital
France will be able to use the European recovery plan proposed Monday by Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel, to “renovate the hospital” and support the sectors hit by the crisis, said Bruno Le Maire.
“When we need, for example, to renovate our hospital, we can rely on funding from the European Commission,” he said on LCI, adding that this recovery plan could also concern the tourism sectors, automotive and aeronautical.
> Deconfinement: the Council of State orders to lift the ban on assembly in places of worship
The Council of State ordered the government to lift the “general and absolute” ban on assembly in places of worship, put in place as part of the state of health emergency, because of its “disproportionate nature” .
Seized in summary proceedings by several associations and individual applicants, the highest administrative court considered in an order that this prohibition “seriously and manifestly unlawfully infringes” freedom of religion and orders the government to lift it “within eight days “.
> The number of patients in intensive care falls below 2,000 in France
The Directorate General of Health announced Monday evening that 1,998 patients of Covid-19 were treated in intensive care. A figure at the lowest since March 22. Hospitalizations also continue to decline.
Health authorities counted 131 additional deaths in 24 hours, for a total of 28,239 victims.
> Half of the businesses make less than 50% of their usual turnover
Half of businesses in France achieved less than half of their usual turnover during the first week after confinement, said the president of CCI France, the national organization of chambers of commerce and industry.
“We have a business in two that has not managed to exceed 50% of its normal turnover,” he said on France Info. “It will take several weeks and months” before a return to normal. “The recovery will be before the Christmas holidays, not before”.
But he judged that during the week of reopening of non-food businesses “for some, it was less bad than what was expected”.
> Morocco maintains containment until June 10
Morocco will extend until June 10 the state of health emergency and the containment put in place to curb the spread of the new coronavirus, announced Prime Minister Saad-Eddine El Othmani. After June 10, the deconfinement will be “gradual” and will take into account “the differences in contamination between regions”.
> Covid-19: discovery of a “promising” human antibody
A Swiss-American team has discovered a “promising” antibody against the new coronavirus, a discovery stemming from research into the 2003 SARS epidemic, according to an article published in the scientific journal Nature.
This “human monoclonal antibody” was selected from the blood of a patient affected by the SARS virus, which is a cousin of SARS-CoV-2 which is at the origin of the current pandemic. This neutralizing antibody “holds the promise of an effective antidote to limit the Covid-19 pandemic,” according to this article.
> Debt: very strong easing on the Italian rate after the proposal of a European recovery plan
The Italian ten-year rate fell sharply on Monday in the wake of the Franco-German proposal for a stimulus plan of 500 billion euros in Europe, which would pave the way for a pooling of debts on the continent. At 6 p.m., Italy’s ten-year yield eased to 1.67%, its lowest since April 14, against 1.86% on Friday at the close of the secondary market, where debt is traded already issued.
> Air France wants to gradually resume flights by the end of June
The French airline intends to “gradually resume flights” by the end of June “and subject to the lifting of travel restrictions,” according to a press release.
The company will then proceed to “a gradual increase in the number of frequencies and destinations, in particular to mainland France, the overseas territories and Europe,” she said. “This flight program will represent approximately 15% of the capacity normally deployed during this period and will be provided by 75 aircraft from the Air France fleet, which includes 224 aircraft,” she adds.
> The daily toll in Italy goes under 100 dead
The daily toll of the victims of the Covid-19 in Italy passed this Monday, for the first time in two months, under the bar of 100 dead, with 99 deaths recorded, according to the Italian Civil Protection.
This is the lowest toll since March 9 (97 dead), when the country, hit hard by the epidemic of the new coronavirus, entered confinement.
> Coronavirus Kills 160 More in Britain
Britain has registered 160 deaths attributed to the coronavirus in the past 24 hours, the Ministry of Health announced.
In total, the country has registered 34,796 deaths since the start of the epidemic. The number of infections rose in 24 hours to 246,406 cases, an increase of 2,684 over one day.
> Uber cuts 3,000 additional jobs
Uber, which had already announced the removal of 3,700 jobs in early May due to the impact of the coronavirus pandemic, will lay off 3,000 additional employees, announced its CEO.
The group, which thus separates in a few weeks from around a quarter of its total workforce, will also close around 40 offices around the world and plans to focus on its core business, passenger transport and delivery of food with Uber Eats. He abandoned several projects considered “non-essential”.
> European stock markets end up sharply
The Frankfurt Stock Exchange finished 5.67%, Paris 5.16% and London 4.29%.
Several good news encouraged European financial centers: hopes for a vaccine against the coronavirus, the words of the boss of the American Central Bank, the recovery of the economy in several countries and the Franco-German proposal for a plan. European stimulus.
> The daily death toll falls further in Spain
Spain has registered 59 deaths attributed to the coronavirus in the past 24 hours, the Ministry of Health announced. This is the lowest daily balance for two months.
For the second day in a row, the deaths are less than 100. The assessment of Sunday reported 87 additional deaths. In total, Spain has registered 27,709 deaths since the start of the epidemic.
> “No softness” against authoritarian regimes in the EU, warns Macron
The French president said during a press conference with German Chancellor Angela Merkel that there will be “no complacency and no softness” vis-à-vis the countries of the European Union which “reduce” the rule of law in the framework of measures to combat the pandemic.
> The creation of a “Europe of health must become our priority”, according to Macron
“Our aim is to provide Europe with very concrete skills in the field of health,” said Emmanuel Macron during a press conference with Angela Merkel on the European response to the coronavirus crisis.
“With common stocks of masks and tests, joint and coordinated purchasing capacities for treatments and vaccines, shared epidemic prevention plans, common methods for identifying cases. This Europe of health never existed, it must become our priority ”, continued the French president.
> For Washington, WHO’s “failure” in the face of the pandemic has cost “many lives”
Washington again attacks the WHO on the first day of the organization’s annual meeting on Monday. “Let us be frank about one of the main reasons that made the epidemic out of our control: this organization failed to get the information the world needed and its failure cost many lives,” said the United States Secretary of Health, Alex Azar.
> France and Germany propose a recovery plan of 500 billion euros
In a joint declaration published following an exchange between Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel, Paris and Berlin propose a fund “of 500 billion euros in EU budgetary expenditure for the sectors and regions most affected” by the pandemic “on the basis of EU budgetary programs and in accordance with European priorities”.
The fund “will strengthen the resilience, convergence and competitiveness of European economies, and will increase investment, particularly in ecological and digital transitions and in research and innovation,” the text said. Emmanuel Macron said that the countries benefiting from the recovery plan will not have to repay the aid.
The European Commission, through its President Ursula von der Leyen, “welcomed” this “constructive” proposal to revive the European economy.
> Mortality in Sweden in April at its highest since 1993
Last month, the total number of deaths recorded in Sweden amounted to 10,458, a high since December 1993, during which 11,057 deaths were registered, underlines the Swedish institute of statistics.
Sweden, which did not opt for total containment of the population unlike its northern neighbors and many other countries, presented a mortality rate compared to the number of inhabitants higher than that of its Scandinavian neighbors during the Covid-19 epidemic.
> Germany wants to “clean up” in slaughterhouses, nests in Covid
More than 800 employees have been infected with the virus in slaughterhouses in Germany. The government intends to “clean up” the living conditions and wages of seasonal workers in the sector. A meeting on this subject is called Wednesday.
> Funeral manufacturers ease up but anticipate a second wave
The companies in the sector, which had to manage the shortage of coffins and covers, resurfaced. They experienced activity increases of 30 to 60%. In Haute-Saône, the OGF coffin factory was reorganized to meet needs.
> Moderna announces “interim positive” results from the first phase of its vaccine trials
The American company’s Covid-19 vaccine project appeared to elicit an immune response in eight people who had been given it, on the same scale as that seen in those who were infected with the virus.
The laboratory specifies that phase 3 of these clinical trials, the most important with a large number of volunteers, will start in July.
> WHO response to pandemic to be launched “when appropriate”
The head of the World Health Organization has declared that he will launch an “independent” investigation into the response to the pandemic by the UN agency and its member states “as soon as possible at the appropriate time”.
> In Belgium, mortality close to 1940-45 levels
As a result of the new coronavirus pandemic, mortality in Belgium in April approached in an unprecedented way the levels recorded in the country at the time of the Second World War, according to a study by Belgian academics.
Last month, the country deplored 14,790 deaths, according to figures still provisional, which is significantly higher than a usual month of April which remains below 9,000 on average.
> Macron insists on a vaccine accessible to all
At the 73rd World Health Assembly, Emmanuel Macron urged unity in the fight against the coronavirus epidemic and once again stressed the importance of a vaccine “accessible” to everyone, a few days after the controversy around Sanofi’s statements.
“As caregivers fight the pandemic, as people in all of our countries face it with courage, we have no right to divide,” he said. “A vaccine, if discovered against Covid-19, will be a global public good, to which everyone should be able to have access.”
> Xi Jinping promises that a possible Chinese vaccine will be “a global public good”
A possible Chinese vaccine against the new coronavirus will become a “global public good,” assured President Xi Jinping at the 73rd World Health Assembly.
In a video speech broadcast in Geneva, the Chinese number one said that his country would devote $ 2 billion over two years to the global fight against Covid-19.
The Beijing strongman also assured that his country, where the coronavirus appeared at the end of 2019, had “always” shown “transparency” in the face of the epidemic. He said he was in favor of a “comprehensive assessment” of the global response to the new virus once the epidemic has been brought under control.
> Spain hopes to reopen borders to tourists in late June
A popular destination for travelers, Spain hopes to reopen its borders at the end of June to tourists in the hope of reviving a sector made bloodless by containment.
“As soon as the Spanish can move to regions other than their own, foreigners will be able to return to Spain,” Jose Luis Abalos, the Spanish tourism minister, told TVE.
> Train, plane, car… the rules for traveling differ
As the French begin to plan their summer vacation, transport players are fine-tuning their regulations to limit the risks of the spread of Covid-19. But these are not similar depending on the means of travel.
> World pays high price for divergent pandemic strategies
The secretary general of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, criticized this Monday the countries having “ignored the recommendations” of the WHO to respond to the pandemic, estimating that the world paid today at the “high price” for the divergent strategies.
“Many countries have ignored the recommendations of the World Health Organization,” he added by videoconference at the opening of the World Health Assembly, the annual meeting of 194 WHO member countries which stands virtually for the first time in its history.
> Gradual improvement of RATP traffic
The RATP service will remain reduced in the coming days but all the lines should return to a normal hourly amplitude from May 25, indicates the public transport operator of the Paris agglomeration.
The RATP plans to run three out of four metros this week – but 100% on lines 1, 13 and 14 and 85% on the 9 – three RERs on four, from 80 to 100% of the trams depending on the lines – trams T6, T7 and T8 operating normally – and three out of four buses.
> Air quality deteriorates again in China with deconfinement
Air quality in China deteriorated in April for the first time since December, the date of the emergence of the epidemic of new coronavirus which led the authorities to stop whole swathes of economic activity, show official data released Monday.
According to the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the concentrations of suspended particles (PM2.5) increased by 3.1% in April to reach an average of 33 micrograms per cubic meter in 337 Chinese cities. Levels of ground-level ozone, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide also increased during the month, according to official data.
> Scotland and Wales rebel against London
Neither Scotland, Wales, nor even Northern Ireland have seen fit to subscribe to the measures to lift the restrictions announced by the British Prime Minister. The three nations preferred to camp on a more cautious approach, at the risk of adding to the confusion on the practical modalities of an already chaotic deconfinement.
> Russia has successfully “stopped the growth” of new infections
Russia, the second country in the world in number of detected cases of the new coronavirus, has managed to “stop the growth” of new infections, said the Prime Minister, who at the same time described the situation as “complicated”.
> The Council of State prohibits the use of surveillance drones in Paris during the deconfinement
The Council of State urged the State Monday to stop “without delay” to use drones in Paris to monitor compliance with the rules of deconfinement, due to the lack of legal framework for the use of these devices techniques.
For the highest administrative jurisdiction, the use of these drones, under these conditions, “characterizes a serious and manifestly illegal violation of the right to respect for private life”. The Council of State highlights the “risks of use contrary to the rules for the protection of personal data”.
The Council of State was seized of an appeal from the League for Human Rights and La Quadrature du Net.
> Municipal: mayors will be able to be elected in more than 30,000 municipalities
The entry into office on Monday of the municipal councilors elected in the first round of municipal opens the way to the election of mayors and deputies in more than 30,000 municipalities within five to ten days.
The municipal councils must meet between Saturday 23 and Thursday 28 May in reinforced sanitary conditions, following the advice of the scientific council which gave the green light to their installation.
The election of the mayor and the assistants having to be done by secret ballot, the physical presence of the councilors is necessary. However, the quorum rules have been relaxed and voting can take place if at least one third of them are present.
> New calendar, health constraints … municipal councils in four questions
Interrupted by the coronavirus crisis, the election of mayors for more than 30,000 municipalities will be able to take place in the coming days, with the installation of municipal councils.
But the procedure will have to respect certain unusual rules. Explanations in CQFD.
> Coronavirus: new sources of infection identified in France
The coronavirus epidemic continues to progress in places in France. Since the start of containment, 25 new “clusters” or foci of contagion have been identified on French territory, said the Minister of Health in an interview with the Journal du Dimanche.
Thirty-four confirmed cases of contamination by the coronavirus were notably confirmed in a slaughterhouse in Fleury-les-Aubrais in the Loiret department. This is also the case for a meat cutting plant in Saint-Brieuc, where 69 employees tested positive for coronavirus, or a home for young workers in Clamart.
> Ryanair, stronger than the crisis
If only one European company were to survive without state aid during the crisis, it would probably be Ryanair. The Irish low cost company, which has become a small air transport group with its three regional sub-brands (the Polish Buzz, the Austrian Lauda and the Maltese Malta Air), announced this Monday morning a net profit of 648.7 million d for the financial year 2019-2020 ended at the end of March, for a turnover of 8.5 billion, up 10% and a total of 148.6 million passengers.
Without the losses linked to the oil hedges, the profit would even have reached 1 billion euros, a slight increase compared to the 2018-2019 financial year. But above all, Ryanair can be proud of a solid cash position, with 4.1 billion euros in cash and 77% of its fleet in full ownership, for consumption of cash reduced to 60 million euros in May ( against 200 million in March).
> TGV reservations are rebounding well for this summer
After eight weeks of almost immobilization, the TGV machine gradually restarts. From Friday to Sunday, the SNCF has indeed recorded 140,000 sales of mainline, TGV and Intercity tickets, particularly for the period July to August.
“Sales on Saturday and Sunday are twice as much as the past two months combined,” said a spokeswoman for the railway company. And including Friday, “it’s an average identical to May 2019 sales.”
> Macron and Merkel will speak this afternoon
Urgent. Joint press conference A. Merkel – E. Macron at 5 p.m. (duplex) on health and European recovery.
– Dominique Seux (@dseux) May 18, 2020
> Bruno Le Maire announces an assistance plan for the automobile and aeronautics industries
The French government will present “within 15 days” a support plan for the automotive sector and another “before July 1” concerning the aeronautics sector, two sectors hit hard by the economic crisis, announced Bruno Le Maire.
“I will announce a support plan for the automotive sector within 15 days,” said the Minister of Economy on franceinfo. “The faster the better, so as to boost consumption, so as to support the transformation towards a more sustainable model with support in particular for vehicles that emit the least CO2, electric vehicles. “
Regarding aeronautics, “we have started work with the aeronautical sector and before July 1 we will announce a sectoral plan to support the aeronautical sector”, he added.
> French people dream of their next vacation on Airbnb
On the tourist accommodation platform, 85% of the latest research done from France relates to France. One in three is limited to less than 80 kilometers from home. But when vacationers go further in time, seaside destinations are popular. Just like whole houses, preferably with swimming pool.
> Tensions increase at Renault plant in Batilly
In Batilly, the Renault factory which produces Masters vans, the moment of truth will take place this Monday, around 9 p.m. This is the hour at which night work will resume, after long weeks of stoppage due to the coronavirus. Claiming a stricter health distancing than what is expected, the CGT, SUD, CFDT, CFTC and FO intersyndicale no longer excludes exercising a right of withdrawal in summary proceedings.
> Record increase of 1,160 cases in South Africa
South Africa announced on Sunday 1,160 new cases of contamination with coronavirus, the highest daily toll since the registration of the first case in March, according to the Ministry of Health.
In total, the country has registered 15,515 cases of Covid-19. The tourist province of the Western Cape cumulates nearly 60% of the cases. Three additional deaths were reported, bringing the total to 263 deaths.
> International meeting at WHO in full Sino-American tension
The 194 countries of the WHO are meeting this Monday virtually for the first time in its history to discuss the international response to the pandemic, with the Sino-American tensions and the discussions on Taiwan and vaccines as subjects of friction.
Many heads of state, government and ministers are scheduled to speak at this World Health Assembly, the decision-making body of the UN agency, which opens at 12 p.m. and ends on next day at midday.
Despite the escalating tensions between Washington and Beijing, the countries hope to adopt a long resolution by the EU by consensus. In particular, she asked to launch “as soon as possible […] an evaluation process ”to review the international health response and WHO response to the pandemic.
> Gradual return to normal in Italy
Between the scientific community which recommended prudence and the economic circles worried about an extension of the confinement, the Italian government decided. Most businesses are allowed to reopen on Monday and tourists from the EU will be able to return to Italy from June 3.
> Germany records 21 more deaths and 342 new cases
Some 342 new cases of coronavirus contamination have been reported in the past 24 hours in Germany, the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) for infectious diseases reported on Monday, and an additional 21 epidemic-related deaths have been reported.
A total of 174,697 cases of contamination and 7,935 deaths have been reported in the country since the start of the epidemic, according to RKI data.
> Japan officially enters recession
The recession is back in Japan, which experienced a second straight quarter of contraction in gross domestic product (GDP) between January and the end of March, as the coronavirus crisis began to strike.
GDP fell 0.9% in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the fourth quarter of 2019, when it had already contracted by 1.9%, according to preliminary data released Monday by the government. The Tokyo Stock Exchange nevertheless started up slightly, the recession having been anticipated by the markets.
> Apple reopens its stores in the United States
Apple announced Sunday that it will reopen more than 25 of its stores in the United States this week, continuing its process of resuming sales activities worldwide after the closings imposed by the health crisis linked to the coronavirus. Social distancing measures will be imposed in stores and the number of customers will be limited, said Deirdre O’Brien, head of the retail division.
> 820 new deaths in one day in the United States
The United States has registered 820 new deaths from the coronavirus on Sunday in the past 24 hours, bringing the total death toll to nearly 90,000, according to a count by Johns Hopkins University. This daily balance is the lowest recorded since May 10, according to the same source.
> Seven additional cases of infection identified in China
Seven new cases of coronavirus contamination were confirmed on Sunday in mainland China, bringing the total number of cases in the country to 82,954 since the epidemic broke out there late last year, Chinese health officials said on Monday. .
Four of these new infections were transmitted locally, said the National Health Commission in its daily update. No new deaths have been reported.