"Make the university community accept a moderate increase in tuition fees"

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At the university Paris-I Panthéon-Sorbonne, in October 2013. C. Stromboni / Le Monde

The days of the economy of Lyon

Since their launch in 2008, the purpose of the Journées de l'économie (JCECO) in Lyon has been to bring the general public closer to the economy by shedding light on economic issues and current major changes. Every year, the JÉCOs bring together over 40,000 people and 250 speakers in over sixty free conferences in the various reception areas in Lyon (theaters, amphitheaters, cinemas, auditoriums …).
The objective of JÉCO is to talk to many different subjects such as "SMIC is the enemy of work?", "Understanding better inequalities today", "Re-launching Europe: the political debate", "Africa: growth" digital ", etc., grouped around a unifying theme (" What do we know about our future? "in 2018).
The conferences, which were held this year from 6 to November 8, are available live and online for web users on the JÉCO website and YouTube channel. The site also presents forums and interviews with economists on the JÉCO blog. The twelfth edition of JÉCO will take place on 5, 6 and 7 November 2019.

Tribune. Under-financing of French higher education is problematic in more than one way. He denies the often expressed desire to place France at the center of the economy of globalized knowledge. This place is conditioned by the quality of its higher education and research, and therefore by the means dedicated to it. In addition, the general weakness of financing mask significant disparities. In addition to the system of preparatory classes and grandes écoles, "spoiled children" of higher education, large sections of the university are considered "poor parents". Therefore, students from disadvantaged neighborhoods who attend university in large numbers are penalized, which contributes to widening inequality.

Yet, regardless of the color of governments, the fiscal leap is always postponed to better days. The nation's priorities are focused on other emergencies, even though higher education is never part of the sacrificed sectors.

It is true that the proposed solutions give rise to divergent opinions. In particular, the increase in tuition fees is seen as a Trojan horse to shift the public model of higher education into a quasi-market model in which the values ​​of equality deeply rooted in the university community as a whole would be questioned .

Moderate recovery

This apprehension arrives in different dimensions. In a version where universities would have a certain freedom to set tuition fees, it is undeniable that universities are not all aligned on the same starting line. Some could easily benefit from more resources, while others, due to the modest social background of students or specialization on subjects furthest from the company, would find it difficult to increase student rights. & # 39; enrollment. Thus, the disparities that already exist between the universities of large cities and those of more modest cities, or between scientific and literary universities, would explode. Instead of the relatively horizontal system, an academic hierarchy would be established, reflecting spatial inequalities but also disciplinary fields.

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