Mental health in children, identify these warning signs in the pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in difficulties in the children’s mental health in school before the lack of socializationsaid a specialist from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM).

Carmen Gabriela Ruiz Serrano, an academic at the National School of Social Work of the UNAM, indicates that among the health problems mental present in children during the pandemic are:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Uncertainty
  • Aggressive attitudes
  • Inability to relate to other individuals of their age or in general with their environment
  • Lack of ability to generate more supportive and empathetic encounters

Warning signs in children

The specialist warned that in case of noticing Impairments on the mental health of minors What phobias, fears, anxiety, or stress, necessary go to experts and do not consider it as something minor, and said that “it is important that they feel loved, safe, protected and accompanied.”

“The challenges we have after this pandemic are enormous, as a society we must be aware that this issue will transcend, not only in the physical, but also in the emotional and social sphere; so it is essential to focus on the impact this is having on our children ”.

The importance of socialization in children

Socialization is a process in which a boy or girl adopts socio-cultural elements of their environment and integrates them into their personality to develop in society; therefore, it is essential to promote oneself in childhood and adolescenceRuiz Serrano specified.

According to the expert, it is from contact with other individuals that the infants they generate empathic and supportive processes that allow them to have a more fruitful relationship in different situations such as the current one, it even has an impact at the identity level.

“Early life is a time when girls and boys they map the world, build bonding relationships, define attachment figures and begin to know what happens in the social environment ”, says the academic.

And he adds that “when the little ones do not have this interaction or subjective relationships that provide security and predictability, this can cause an impact that inhibits the brain connections that infants require in order to later develop other types of more complex skills, build humanity, and position themselves in society ”.

In early childhood the first brain connections occur And that’s why they learn quickly, but in adolescence there is something known as brain pruning, which is when you have that brain plasticity again; we have another opportunity to use that potential to generate critical and analytical capacity of the world, in order for them to have a greater awareness of what they live and to help rebuild the social fabric that will be affected after confinement ”.

Solutions to the lack of socialization

“Unicef ​​defines a series of guidelines to try to reduce the effects that social isolation can have on boys and girls; one of them is reinforce communication within homes, make it clear, open and direct to reduce the overexposure of the circulation of false information to avoid the fears and fear around what we are currently experiencing ”, he asserted.

Other actions are:

  • Strengthen the secure affective bond to prevent abuse inside the home
  • Generate activities that can be carried out with other family members
  • Define routines
  • Seek for a safe setting that implies food, play, clean spaces, care and good living conditions for infants and adolescents

The Carlos Slim Foundation also offers some tips for caring for your mental health What:

  • Limit screen time, even if you have to be working, try to take breaks every hour
  • Put a connection deadline
  • Keep one clean environment and proper personal hygiene
  • To have beware of addictions

Childhood in Mexico

Before the COVID-19 pandemic, “There was already an unfavorable scenario at a structural level for the children’s sector, such as human trafficking in its different manifestations, labor exploitation and pornography childish, even childhood unaccompanied migrant ”.

“Children in Mexico represent a third of the population, about 40 million in a range of zero to 18 years. Half of this group lived in conditions of poverty; while nine out of 10 indigenous children are unable to meet their basic needs ”.

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