Meteor Showers and 9 Astronomical Phenomena in 2022, Students Want to See?

Jakarta – Have you seen astronomical phenomenon like a meteor shower or a super full moon? Besides being beautiful, this celestial phenomenon is also worth waiting for because it is rare, you know. For those of you who want to see this rare astronomical phenomenon, in 2022 there will be several phenomena such as meteor showers and a total lunar eclipse.

Summarizing the website of the Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN), the following are astronomical phenomena that will occur in 2022.

1. Quadrantid Meteor Shower

The first phenomenon occurred at the beginning of the year on January 4, 2022. The Quadrantid meteor shower is made up of debris from asteroid 2003 EH1 and comet C/1490 Y1.

Reported by the Space Science Center (Pussainsa) LAPAN, without moonlight, this phenomenon can be seen when the sky is clear and free of light pollution and the field is free of obstacles.

2. The Summit of Mars and Saturn

Wake up at the beginning of Ramadan 1443 Hijri on April 5, you can see the peak of the conjunction of Mars and Saturn. This phenomenon appears in the east at 03.00 am local time until 25 minutes before sunrise.

3. The meeting of Saturn, Mars, Venus, Jupiter, and the Moon

On 24-29 April 2022 or 10 days before the last day of Ramadan 1443 Hijri, you can witness the meeting phenomenon of Saturn, Mars, Venus, Jupiter, and the Moon.

This phenomenon called quintet conjunction can be seen in the east at 04.00 am local time (except the 29th which was only seen 75 minutes before sunrise).

4. Peak Conjunction of Venus and Jupiter

On May 1, 2022, you can also see the peak of the conjunction between Venus and Jupiter which is only 14 arc minutes (0.2°) apart. You can witness this phenomenon at 03.30 in the morning local time until 25 minutes before sunrise.

5. Occult Venus

On May 27, 2022 the Moon will be slightly obstructed by Venus. This phenomenon is called the occultation of Venus. At that time, the Moon was in the Late Crescent phase with an illumination of 10.3-10.6 percent.

In Indonesia, Venus occultation occurs in the morning to noon. Therefore, a tool is needed to see this celestial phenomenon. The phenomenon can be seen since 9 am local time.

For the city of Mukomuko in Bengkulu, you can enjoy the longest Venus occultation, which is 1 hour 49 minutes. Unfortunately, the city of Manokwari, West Papua, became the area that got the shortest Venus occultation, which was 22 minutes and was only visible at 01:12 noon local time.

The Venus occultation phenomenon was previously seen in June 2011 and 2017. Don’t miss it, Pussainsa LAPAN said that this celestial phenomenon will only return in September 2026 and May 2039.

6. Super Full Moon

June 14-15 and July 13-14 2022 is also known as the Perigee Full Moon. In this phase, the Moon experiences a Full phase and is also closest to Earth (Perige) at the same time.

This Super Full Moon can be seen before the sun sets until after the sun rises in the southeast to southwest direction.

Pussainsa LAPAN noted that the peak of the Super Full Moon occurred on June 14 at 06.51 p.m. local time and July 14 at 01.37 p.m. local time. This phenomenon occurs at least once a year.

7. Occult Uranus

After the occultation of Venus on May 27, Uranus’s turn to block the Moon on June 25, 2022. In Indonesia, the occultation of Uranus occurs when the Moon is in the Late Crescent phase with an illumination of 15.2-15.3 percent.

Because it is visible from before until after the sun rises, you need a tool to witness it.

The longest Uranus occultation occurred in Manokwari, West Papua since 05.23 am local time for 1 hour 19 minutes. Meanwhile, the shortest occultation occurred in Balikpapan, which could only be seen for 16 minutes starting at 04.30 am local time.

Pussainsa LAPAN said that this phenomenon occurred in 2006. Don’t miss it because this phenomenon will only return in 2030.

8. Perseid Meteor Rain

On August 13-14, the Perseid meteor shower will be at its peak. At that time, this meteor shower fell with an intensity of 100 meteors/hour and came from the dust residue of comet 109P/Swift-Tuttle.

Although slightly blocked by moonlight, the Perseid meteor shower can still be seen with the naked eye. Make sure the sky is clear, light pollution free, and the field of view is free from obstructions.

9. Total Lunar Eclipse

On November 8, 2022, the Moon, Earth and Sun are in a straight line. As a result, there was a total lunar eclipse. This eclipse is the 20th of 72 eclipses in the Saros 136 Series.

According to Pussainsa LAPAN, most parts of Indonesia will be able to see this phenomenon during the initial partial eclipse to the end of the penumbra.

This phenomenon is quite rare because it will only return again in September 2025, March 2025, December 2028, December 2029, April 2032, and October 2032.

10. Geminid Meteor Rain

At the end of 2022, there will be a celestial phenomenon, namely the peak of the Geminid meteor shower which will occur on December 14-15, 2022. The Geminid meteor shower comes from the remaining dust from the asteroid 3200 Phaethon.

This phenomenon can be seen in the Northeast direction at 20.30 to Northwest 25 minutes before sunrise. Down with an intensity of 120 meteors / hour, this intensity varies in the area of ​​Sabang and Rote Island.

Despite the moonlight, the peak of the Geminid meteor shower can be seen with the naked eye. Just make sure the sky is clear, light pollution free, and the field of view is free from obstructions.

That’s the list astronomical phenomenon 2022 from meteor showers to total lunar eclipses. Make sure to note the time so you don’t miss it, detikers!

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(do/lus)

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