Women, young people, representatives of minorities … enter the Capitol at the end of the mid-term elections.
The Monde.fr with AFP
• Updated the
Women, young people, representatives of minorities or the vice president's brother: the US Congress was widely renewed Tuesday, November 6, after the mid-term elections. Here are some new iconic faces:
- Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, the star of the left
Arrived as a thunderbolt on the national political scene, this 29 year old New Yorker was elected to the House of Representatives, becoming the youngest elected in the Congress.
With a decidedly leftist program, the former maid and educator, who worked for the Bernie Sanders campaign in 2016, won her ride in New York, straddling the Bronx neighborhoods, where she was born into a family. modest, and queens.
The one who supports the socialist label has become in a few months the figure of a new wave of women and minorities who are shaking the democratic establishment.
- Ayanna Pressley, surprise in Boston
This forty-two-year-old Boston Democrat will be the first black woman to represent Massachusetts in Congress. He won without surprise – because without any opponent – his constituency for the House of Representatives, considered among the most left of the United States.
His real victory was in the primaries, against an old democratic driver, Michael Capuano. Ayanna Pressley embodies a current to the left of the Democratic Party but also an increase in the power of women in these elections.
Originally from Chicago, this activist conducted a campaign in the field, not hesitating to discuss her experiences of sexual violence and to invoke her closeness to the working classes to make sure that she "A different leader".
- Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib, first Muslims
These two democratic candidates became the first two women of Muslim faith to be elected to the United States Congress. Each of them won a seat in the House of Representatives, respectively in Minnesota and Michigan.
Ilhan Omar, 36, escaped from the civil war of Somalia for the United States, where he settled as a teenager in Minneapolis before becoming a local speaker of the assembly of his state. Palestinian Palestinian Rashida Tlaib, 42, would surely have won in her Michigan Democratic stronghold, where she was alone in the running.
- Greg Pence, the vice president's brother
The eldest brother of US Vice President, Mike Pence, got a seat in the House of Representatives in his former constituency in Indiana, a republican stronghold. At 61, the business man, a former soldier, was fighting for his first election. It is presented as an anti-abortion and a pro-arms conservative.
"Like many of you, I continue to be inspired by President Trump"he said after his victory: "I support the president's program that fights for the middle class."
- Sharice Davids and Deb Haaland, first Native Americans
This Kansas Democrat became 38 the first American native to be elected to Congress. A lawyer, martial artist, and alleged homosexual, Sharice Davids won in the Conservative House of Representatives against the Republican Kevin Yoder.
Raised by a single mother, a former military, she graduated from a public education institute and spent a year in Washington in the Obama administration.
Deb Haaland, 57, is a single mother of the Laguna Pueblo tribe, who has conquered alcoholism and survives with food stamps. In a democratic constituency, he conducted a campaign against elected officials who, in his opinion, no longer represent native Americans of other minorities or the millions of poor in America, Donald Trump.
The newly elected House of Representatives was born in Winslow, Arizona, where her grandfather worked in a railway company under the"Cultural assimilation". His mother was born there too, in a freight car. His father, of Norwegian descent, was a soldier and his mother worked for the US Navy.
More than a dozen Native American men had already been elected, but until now no woman from indigenous communities. This year, legislative elections have also recorded a record of Amerindian candidates.