The Secretary of State of the United States, Mike Pompeo, described this Friday the Venezuelan president, Nicolas Maduro, of drug trafficker and said that Washington will work to get to the “right place” in solving the crisis that plagues the South American country. “We must not forget that he is not just a leader who has destroyed his own country […] He is also a drug dealer. It is impacting the life of the United States. Our will is constant, our work will be tireless and we will arrive at the right place ”, warned Pompeo. The representative of Donald Trump For foreign policy, he visited this Friday the city of Boa Vista, capital of the State of Roraima, on the Brazilian border with Venezuela.
This week, a report from the United Nations (UN) accused the Maduro government of crimes against humanity since 2014. Among them is the systematic use of torture and murder. Pompeo’s trip is also set against the backdrop of the campaign for the re-election of Donald Trump and the constant criticism of the Maduro regime in Venezuela.
The secretary wants to show the Latino voter that the United States still has influence in the region. Only in Brazil did he meet with the country’s main authority. This Friday, President Bolsonaro inaugurated works in two cities in the state of Mato Grosso.
In Suriname, Pompeo met with the president, Chan Santokhi. In Guyana, with Irfaan Ali. And in Colombia, he has a meeting scheduled with President Iván Duque. On Sunday he will head to Texas, a state with strong influence from the Latino community.
In Boa Vista, Pompeo was received by Brazilian Foreign Minister Ernesto Araújo. The two made almost unanimous speeches of repudiation of the Government of Venezuela. Araújo said that Nicolás Maduro’s regime should “disappear.” Pompeo said that Venezuela should return to democracy.
Pompeo’s visit to Brazil caused discomfort in the president of the Chamber of Deputies, Rodrigo Maia. In a note, the parliamentarian said that the meeting in Boa Vista a month and a half before the US elections “does not correspond to good international diplomatic practice and violates the traditions of autonomy and pride” of Brazil’s foreign policy. Maia affirmed that the Constitution establishes that governments must guide their international relations in accordance with the principles of national independence, self-determination of the peoples, non-intervention and defense of peace. No representative of the Brazilian or US governments responded to the criticism.
In the meeting with Araújo, Pompeo highlighted his interest in maintaining the alliance he has with Brazil. And he revealed that since the South American country began receiving Venezuelan migrants in February 2018, the United States transferred around $ 80 million to it. The sum represents 20% of the cost of Operation Acolhida, a humanitarian action that receives migrants and tries to insert them into the country’s communities.
By ensuring support for Latin American countries, the United States also wants to ensure that large numbers of migrants do not go to its territory. References to Operation Acolhida did not sit well with some NGOs. The director of the Conectas human rights program, Camila Asano, said that it was “hypocritical” on the part of the Bolsonaro government to highlight the achievements of the program because it has not received migrants since March, when the pandemic began to impact the country. “The rules on the closure of Brazilian borders have been relaxed in recent months and today allow the entry of tourists and investors by air, but still prohibit the entry of people fleeing the humanitarian crisis in Venezuela,” she said.
The journalists asked Pompeo and Araújo how they viewed the concessions Brazil was making to the United States in a pre-election period. They both denied that there was any problem about it. In recent weeks, Brazil has been ahead of American interests and has resigned his own candidacy for the presidency of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) to support a name suggested by Trump, has extended the import of US ethanol at lower tariffs for three months and did not oppose Washington’s announcement that it would cut 80% of Brazilian steel imports.
“This is a relationship. It is not a transaction. The partners work together, ”Pompeo said. Foreign Minister Araújo, meanwhile, said that the two countries have a diversified and long-term relationship. In the case of the IDB, he defended the election of Mauricio Claver-Carone, despite the fact that his name broke the tradition that the bank’s management leaves to a Latin American. “The issue is not so much nationality, but the program, which will be good for Brazil.”
This Friday was the third of four stops that Pompeo made on a regional tour to strengthen the influence of the United States in the region. Before, he was in Suriname and Guyana. After Brazil, you will visit Colombia. It was also Pompeo’s second visit to Brazil. The first was in January 2019, when he represented Trump at Bolsonaro’s inauguration.
Clarification. A first version of this text attributed to Mike Pompeo the will to “remove” Nicolás Maduro from power. Although the United States is pressing for the Venezuelan president to resign and make way for a transition, the secretary of state did not use that term.