About half of college students go dark or leave alcohol, but most of them do not understand what can happen, a new study reveals.
Drinking in high schools has steadily declined in the United States, but that encouraging trend comes out of the window once Americans have reached adulthood.
Over 18, Americans drink record amounts of alcohol, and binge drinking in particular is active.
Despite the fact that half of the university students interviewed by Brown University researchers have softened or fainted in the last month, most of them did not know what kind of drink would interfere with their memories.
Half of college students get drunk, but most of them do not know why or how to avoid spending a night they will not remember, a new study has been found
Becoming a "drunken black out" & # 39; it has practically become a quip stop. Teens (above) uses the phrase, the movies use it as a narrative device to give birth to hilarity and countless Americans use it as an excuse to be below their best behavior.
It is a common practice.
In fact, when the Supreme Court Justice Court of Cassation Kavanaugh was asked at the court hearing to confirm if he had ever been out drunk, he replied sneaking to Senator Amy Klobuchar and asked if it had been.
He was accused of losing knowledge during college, which the Brown University researchers say are avoidable, but most do not know why they go dark, let alone how to prevent this from happening.
The research team, led by Dr Kate Carrey, a professor in the Center for Alcohol Studies and School Dependencies, carried out a series of three studies – consisting of surveys and interviews – on the consumption of university students.
In the first discussion forum, 50 students were generally aware of the basic risk factors for a blackout: hard alcohol, drinking a lot and drinking quickly.
But the nuances have been lost on them.
Unbeknownst to most students, women are more likely to get dark (three drinks before their male counterparts) and other genetic factors come into play.
According to some estimates, having a mother who has had problems with alcoholism makes people of both sexes more likely to overshadow, and genetic predisposition can account for up to 50% of blackouts.
Then there are the factors that are under the control of the students – if they should choose to have them.
We do not know all the mechanisms in place in the blackouts, but we know that drinking on an empty stomach, being short of sleep, 'pregaming', mixing different liquors and mixing alcohol and drugs, all increase the risk of blackout or browning.
But the university students of the study did not know it.
"The type of alcohol consumption that results in an alteration of alcohol-related memory is common, but it is not generally practiced with the intent of obscuring," said Dr. Carey.
"And those who drink regularly and report blackout experiences do not have a full understanding of what causes them," says Dr. Carey.
For the best of the minds of the students and perhaps worse for their livers, if these students knew the causes could drink more and obscure less.
"The interesting thing is that, regardless of how much you drink, there are ways to drink so as not to obscure yourself," says dr. Carey.
Although some studies have shown that having 15 drinks in four hours would give you a strong chance of blackout, and can happen after just two, spaced as many drinks as possible could help you avoid a blackout.
Thus could the oldest drink of the book: water.
Only a small amount of water drunk during a night of drinking can prevent the blood from becoming uncontrollable, which begins to stifle the memory.
Darkening precedes the fainting, and in some ways can be more dangerous, since the person can continue to engage in activities that endanger themselves and others – such as sexual activity and driving – as long as they remain conscious.
Blackouts can cause permanent brain damage, including, in about one-two percent of Americans, a condition of permanent convulsion called Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome that permanently damages memory and vision.
Historically, simply by teaching students about the dangers associated with alcohol, has shown poor efficacy in changing their behavior.
Instead, the Brown University team found that talking about blackouts by students with them and helping them see these experiences as dangerous rather than "exciting" (as some students described them) made young people think about drinking.
"We hope that focusing on this particular consequence of a certain style of drinking will provide many opportunities for intervention," said Dr. Carey.