NASA released images showing the growth of a water lake in the crater of the Kilauea volcano, which is located in Hawaii in the United States and is considered one of the most active in the world.
According to information from the US space agency, the lake began to form in July 2019 in the lowest part of the crater called Halema’uma’u.
Since then it has been growing, indicating that it currently has a depth of 30 meters and an area similar in size to five football fields.
The lake water, meanwhile, is rusty brown in color, due to the chemical reactions that take place there.
According to NASA, between 2010 and 2018 a large lake of lava bubbled and splashed into the caldera of the Kilauea summit. Subsequently, in May 2018, “as part of a larger eruption that spewed lava from the fissures eastward, the lake rapidly drained and part of the caldera floor collapsed.”
In the sequence of images, which were captured by the Landsat 8 satellite, which is operated by the US space agency and the United States Geological Survey, the Halema’uma’u is observed first before the lava lake drained. Then it looks like it was after the partial collapse of the caldera floor and finally it shows how the water lake is in the crater.