The models of the Russian and American army have become very close in recent times, the expert Sebastien Robin writes in his article for The National Interest. However, the differences are still tangible: unlike the United States, Russia is developing more artillery, air defense and armed forces. The author cites four combat units of the Russian army, demonstrating the difference between Russian and American approaches to military affairs.
The Russian army developed in a radically different way than the American, due to geography, historical experience, strategic circumstances and military doctrine, the article says The L & # 39; national interest. The author of the article, Sebastien Robin, writes that the United States is oriented towards the Air Force, as well as small groups of highly professional soldiers with expensive equipment, while Russia has more developed ground forces , since he fought most of the wars near its borders, relying on much more significant cuts by recruiting armies and willingness to suffer serious losses to stun the enemy.
In some respects, the Russian army has evolved towards the American model – the proportion of contracted soldiers is growing higher and higher, and the new Russian weapons, for example, the Armata tank and the BMP of Kurganets , have been developed with an emphasis on crew protection. Moscow is experimenting with the use of small and flexible tactical groups instead of the huge Cold War divisions.
However, differences remain, writes Roblin: the military doctrine of the Pentagon provides for the rapid conquest of air supremacy and the methodical destruction of terrestrial objectives, while the army of land will approach the front line. At the same time, Russian forces can not count on air dominance, because more attention is paid to air defense systems, as well as artillery strikes and ballistic missiles.
The author identifies four combat units of the Russian army, which demonstrate the difference between US and Russian military approaches. First of all, this is the main T-72B3 battle tank and its improved version of the T-90. As Roblin notes, the T-72 is by no means a "super tank", since Abrams and Western Challengers did it without problems during the 1991 Gulf War. However, the T-72 is much cheaper to keep and it weighs only about 40 tons, which means that, unlike the western tanks, it is able to travel through most of the European bridges. Moreover, as a result of the modernization of its firepower has increased, and the protection strengthened.
The next combat unit is the Smerch multiple rocket launcher. The Russian army has historically been reliant on the "god of war": heavy artillery (the West has focused on high precision weapons). According to the author of the article, nothing demonstrates the lethal force of the Russian artillery better than the Smerch system, equipped with a dozen 300mm missiles, with an autonomy of 60 km. The missiles can disintegrate in the air, pierce the armor and even be equipped with thermo-warheads capable of causing a fiery storm that sucks the air from the lungs of those victims who managed to survive the heat stroke.
As for the objectives located beyond the scope of the artillery, in that case Russia has Iskander missile systems with a radius of over 300 km. They are very precise and fast, can escape enemy air defense systems and be equipped with both conventional and nuclear warheads.
The last object, Sebastien Robin, observes the air defense missile system S-400: as already mentioned, Russia could not count on air superiority, and therefore has invested heavily in the development of air defense systems, the most advanced of which is the S-400. It is capable of attacking 36 targets at a maximum distance of 250 km. The low-frequency radar of the S-400 is able to track invisible aircraft, even if it can aim at them only for a short distance.