The heliocentric theory is the theory that the earth and the other planets revolve around the sun as its axis.
Read: Stephen Hawking
Copernicus is also known as an astronomer, mathematician and economist.
Copernicus was born in Torun, Poland on February 19, 1473.
His father’s name is Nicolaus Copernicus Sr., while her mother’s name is Barbara Watzenrode.
In Poland, he is known as Niklas Koppernigk. (1)
His father died when he was a child.
He was then raised by his uncle.
He started his education at a cathedral school.
In 1492, he studied in Krakow, majoring in the Arts, Astronomy and Mathematics.
He then learned a lot about mathematics, astronomy and Aristotle’s philosophy.
Since he was young, he has mastered various languages, such as Latin, German, Polish, Greek, and Italian.
In 1496, he was sent by his uncle to study church canons and astronomy at the University of Bologna.
In 1501, he studied at the University of Padua.
He later returned to Poland as a priest and doctor.
Read: Galileo Galilei
He became his uncle’s private secretary.
In 1510, he returned to study at Lidzbark-Waminski.
On the campus, he studied astronomy.
He began to develop the heliocentric theory.
In 1514, he released a 40-page manuscript containing an explanation of the heliocentric theory.
He explained that the earth is not the center of the solar system, but the sun.
In fact, the third century BC, there was one scientist Greeks who believe in this theory.
However, Copernicus was able to explain more accurately.
In 1532, he completed his book entitled Copernicus.
He did not publish the book for fear of causing controversy.
One year later, theologian Johann Albrecht Widmannstetter sent sermon material with the insertion of Copernican theory to Rome.
Read: Isaac Newton
Pope Clement VII and several cardinals were interested in the theory.
Since then, the heliocentric theory began to be known.
However, the book De Revolutionibus drew criticism, both from the Roman Catholic Church and from the Lutherans.
They allege that Copernicus did not have solid evidence about why the earth revolved around the sun.
Rome later said that Copernicus’ theory was a heretical theory. (2)