TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by high blood sugar levels. If this disease is not controlled properly, various complications can arise that endanger the patient’s life.
Quoting from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), glucose Blood is the main source of energy that comes from the food you eat. Glucose from these foods enters the cells and becomes energy.
Quoting from the US Department of Health & Human Services website, some of the most common types of diabetes are:
1. Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction that stops the body from making insulin. About 5-10 percent of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. These symptoms often develop quickly. It is usually diagnosed in children, adolescents, and young adults.
2. Type 2 Diabetes
About 90-95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. It develops over years and is usually diagnosed in adults. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed with healthy lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and being active.
3. Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes develops in pregnant mother who never had diabetes. If a person has gestational diabetes, the baby can be at a higher risk of developing health problems. This diabetes usually goes away after the baby is born. But it can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes later in life.
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