One million people get involved in sex – every day
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Some infections do not cause any complaints for a long time. So many do not suspect that they are transmitting nasty diseases while having sex. For the WHO, this is a silent epidemic. Syphilis, for example, is now the second most common cause of death for babies.
Pro day, more than one million people are infected with sexually transmitted diseases worldwide. This figure comes from the World Health Organization WHO in its latest report.
According to a new estimate, every year between 15 and 49 years old, there are 376 million new infections with trichomonads, chlamydia, gonococci or syphilis, as the WHO reported. Often, a human being becomes infected with several pathogens at the same time or several times a year. The total is for 2016 and is a good five percent higher than the previous estimate for 2012. Infections with viruses such as HIV were not included in both estimates.
“This is a silent and dangerous epidemic,” says one of the authors, Melanie Taylor. Every fourth inhabitant of the earth is infected with one of the diseases. Although every year about the same number of women and men put on new. Because the bacteria are more persistent in women, they are significantly more affected than men.
“This is a wake-up call,” said Peter Salama, WHO Director for Nationwide Health Care. “We need to work together so that everyone can use services everywhere to prevent and treat these debilitating diseases.”
The report includes only the four diseases mentioned. In addition, according to the WHO, hundreds of millions of people are affected by herpes or human papillomavirus (HPV), which are also transmitted during sexual intercourse.
The four diseases could have serious consequences, including ectopic pregnancies, stillbirth, infertility, cardiovascular disease and arthritis, the authors warn. In 2016 alone, around 200,000 babies of syphilis-infected mothers died shortly before or shortly after birth. This makes syphilis the second most common cause of death for babies, following malaria, Taylor said. But the diseases are curable.
The WHO recommends more testing and affordable medicines, as well as education on prevention, such as the need for consequent use of condoms in sexual intercourse. In some countries, there is insufficient benzathine penicillin to treat syphilis. In addition, more and more gonococci are resistant to antibiotics. The danger was that one day the disease would no longer be treatable.
By far the most common are infections with trichomonads. They account for more than 40 percent of all cases and affect 156 million people each year. During the infection, the unicellular parasites cause inflammation of the genital organs and urinary tract. Affected men often have no complaints and transmit the disease because they do not know that they are infected.
The second most common is chlamydia, which affects 127.2 million people. Again, complaints such as vaginal discharge or burning while urinating often do not occur or only late.
With gonococci – gonorrhea or colloquially known as gonorrhea – 86.9 million people are infected worldwide every year. Usually attacked are the mucous membranes of the urinary tract and genital organs, but the pathogens can also affect the conjunctiva, for example. Syphilis affects 6.3 million people. Here, too, pathogens invade the body via the mucous membrane or skin tears. Those affected can get an ulcer as well as rashes and fever.
According to estimates, 5.3 percent of women and 0.6 percent of men worldwide live with trichomoniasis. Chlamydia affects 3.8 percent of women and 2.7 percent of men. In gonorrhea and syphilis it is less than one percent. In Africa, 11.7 percent of women have trichomoniasis.
In the European region – which reaches Tajikistan on the Chinese border – chlamydia is the most prevalent of the four diseases: 3.2 percent of women and 2.2 percent of men.
(tagToTranslate) STDs (t) Chlamydia (t) Human Papillomaviruses (t) Epidemics (t) Infectiology (t) Infectiology (t) Syphilis (t) Health (t) Chlamydia (t) Tajikistan (t) WHO (World Health Organization / World Health Organization) (t) Africa (t) Gonococci (t) Syphilis