On May 8 of every year as “International Ovarian Cancer Day” World Ovarian Cancer Day to join the campaign to raise awareness. It’s like a protective shield. and how to prevent it from taking care of your health away from ovarian epithelial cancer female health center Nawawet Hospital collect information that is knowledgeable with an easy-to-understand description of epithelial ovarian cancer Which is especially useful for all women According to WHO data in 2020, it was found that in Thailand Ovarian cancer is the sixth most common cancer in women. And in general, the lifetime chance of developing ovarian epithelial cancer. Is about 1%, which is common in the age range of 55-65 years
Ovarian epithelial cancer Caused by the rapid proliferation of cancerous ovarian cells without the body being able to control
Factors that increase the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer include:
- early menstruation or late menstruation
- having a lot of weight
- receiving exogenous estrogen without progesterone
- having a genetic condition that increases your risk of ovarian cancer, such as the BRCA1/2 mutation, Lynch syndrome
- use talc
Symptoms of epithelial ovarian cancer
Patients diagnosed with ovarian cancer There may be no symptoms brought on in the early stages. or in symptomatic groups may be accompanied by symptoms
- lower abdominal pain
- feel the lump in the lower abdomen
- Abdomen with ascites
- Abdominal tightness, flatulence
- loss of appetite, exhaustion
- back pain or urination Abnormal bowel movements
At present, there is no accurate screening test. And there is no vaccine to prevent ovarian cancer.
But the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer can be reduced in the following cases
- person who cuts the fallopian tubes
- People with one child, the risk is reduced by 30-40%.
- People who take birth control pills Greater than or equal to 5 years, the risk is reduced by 50%.
- People with a known family history of ovarian cancer, breast cancer, or genes that increase the risk if undergoing genetic testing before the disease develops There may be a way to prevent ovarian cancer.
Although there is no vaccine against the disease or specific screening But in medical practice, women are still recommended to undergo gynecological screening by palpation of the uterus and ovaries. and/or having an Ultrasound together every year in order to be able to diagnose abnormalities from an early stage and receive treatment quickly
Diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer
composed of many things both leading symptoms of the patient initial physical examination and internal inspection The appearance and location of the lump found on ultrasound. If the examination reveals that the symptoms and results are compatible with ovarian cancer Patients will receive additional examinations such as cancer screening. lung x-ray and more detailed diagnostic radiological examinations such as CT, MRI
The main treatment for epithelial ovarian cancer is surgery. to remove as much cancer as possible and to tell the stage of the disease, consisting of cutting the uterus and ovaries lymph nodes fat that covers the abdomen ascites and biopsies in the suspected area which surgery for each person may not be the same will depend on the stage of the disease and evaluation of the treating physician in the younger group Or who do not have children, can have surgery by keeping the uterus and ovaries in the normal side with the patient. It depends on the type of cancer cells. and stage of disease
After the surgery is complete, the biopsies from the surgery will be sent for pathological examination. for use in diagnosis And to consider further treatment whether the patient will need chemotherapy or not. which depends on the type of cancer cells, the stage of the disease and the patient’s health readiness Currently, there are recommendations for patients diagnosed with epithelial ovarian cancer. All patients should be consulted for genetic testing. If there is a risk and an abnormality is detected will be able to determine better treatment guidelines
It was found that the 5-year survival rates in stages 1, 2, 3 and 4 were 92, 75, 29 and 11%.
follow-up after treatment
after receiving complete treatment according to the specified plan There will be an appointment for a physical examination. and periodic follow-up of cancer values every 2-4 months for 2 years, then every 3-6 months for 3 years, then every 1 year. and physical examination of the patient mainly
“Navavej Hospital” is committed to providing good medical services. And easy to access (Accessible Quality Healthcare) ready to take care of everyone’s health with empathy. with medical services covering all ages and specialized medical teams If in doubt You can ask for details and request a consultation at Women’s Health Center, Navavej Hospital Tel. 02 483 9999 I Line: @navavej I www.navavej.com