Peace agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates: a headlong rush or a daring gamble?

The United Arab Emirates and Israel signed a historic peace agreement on August 13, 2020. The normalization carried out under the aegis of the United States would have been done in exchange, on the Israeli side, for the decision to “To suspend the annexation of the Palestinian territories”. Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu insisted that “it is a postponement and not a renunciation” putting a damper on the statements made by Emirati officials. Mahmoud Abbas’ Palestinian Authority rejected the peace deal, calling it “treason” of the Palestinian cause.

She also recalled her ambassador to Abu Dhabi, and called for a “Emergency meeting” of the Arab League to denounce it. Normalization of relations between Israel and the United Arab Emirates “Does not serve the Palestinian cause”, also quickly denounced the Palestinian Islamist movement Hamas, in power in the Gaza Strip.

Reacting to the news, the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jean-Yves Le Drian, in a statement called for “The resumption of negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians with a view to establishing two states (…) to allow a just and lasting peace in the region”.

Israeli and UAE delegations are due to meet in the coming weeks to sign bilateral agreements covering investment, tourism, direct air links, security, telecommunications and other matters. It remains to be seen how the Arab World will react to this agreement signed over the phone between the American President, Donald Trump, the Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, and Sheikh Mohammed Ben Zayed Al-Nahyane, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi. nicknamed MBZ and supporter of more openness of the Arab world in general. This standardization agreement can be seen as a headlong rush from the weak and unsecured counterparty. Some may see it as a daring bet for peace, given that since 1994, the peace process has not made much progress. After 8 wars often lost against the common enemy, the Arab world is splitting in two, with one of the supporters of normalization who have an almost common position with the United Arab Emirates. Saudi Arabia’s reaction will be watched in the coming hours or days.

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