“Petrolio il tempo perduto” on PresaDiretta, on Rai3

Monday 27 September, at 9.20 pm on Rai3, PresaDiretta returns to the energy transition with “Petrolio il tempo perduto” and shines a light on the role of the large oil and gas companies. A sector that has an annual turnover of three trillion dollars and about ten million employees: today it is asked to drastically reduce emissions and convert to renewable energy. Will they really be willing to do it? Perhaps it is already too late. But to run for cover and at least limit the damage caused by climate change, it will be necessary to give up more and more oil and gas. Still, the big oil groups knew the impact of polluting emissions from fossil fuels on the climate as early as the 1980s, but they kept quiet and often denied. Today, however, everything is out in the open, so why do we continue to invest heavily in the extraction, refining and transport of oil and gas? PresaDiretta crossed Italy, where the go-ahead was given to research permits to exploit methane and oil fields, in Sicily, on the Adriatic seabed, in Emilia-Romagna, in Veneto. And what do the local populations think? He talked about the consequences of the great environmental disasters linked to hydrocarbons. That of Gela in Sicily, where after 50 years the oil is no longer refined, a biorefinery has been opened, but the reclamation is proceeding slowly and the consequences on the environment and not only are still dramatic. And then in Nigeria, one of the most polluted places on the planet, where large multinationals have been extracting oil and gas for 60 years. PresaDiretta went to Texas, the largest oilfield in the United States, where more than 5 million barrels a day are produced. Here the fracking technique has exploded for some years, allowing the extraction of gas and oil. International studies have estimated that the increase in atmospheric emissions of methane gas, much more dangerous than CO2 for the climate in the short term, almost half depends on American fracking. Yet no one is stopping him, why? And we in Italy too have a problem with methane emissions and we continue to invest in gas infrastructure and power plants, the cameras of PresaDiretta went to see where. It’s still. PresaDiretta was in Germany, where coal mining is still active. And where dozens of villages are demolished and literally “devoured” by the expansion of the mines, but some courageous inhabitants try to resist. PresaDiretta collected testimonies from the most important international experts in the sector: Fatih Birol executive director of the International Energy Agency, named by the Times one of the 100 most influential people in 2021, Vincenzo Balzani professor emeritus at the University of Bologna, one of the best known chemists in the world. He interviewed Francesca Zarri Director Technology R&D & Digital of Eni and Dina Lanzi, technical manager of hydrogen development at Snam. “Petrolio il tempo perduto” is a story by Riccardo Iacona with Teresa Paoli, Paola Vecchia, Pablo Castellani.

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