It is fashionable to have a square chin.
The men who get plastic surgery are perceived as more sympathetic, reliable and masculine by their peers, says a new study released by the JAMA Network. The study evaluated the effects of multiple cosmetic facial procedures, including blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery), rhinoplasty (a nose job), face lifting, eyebrow lifting, neck lifting and chin prosthesis.
Men with plastic surgery have a higher score in social skills and reliability.
The men who received all these procedures obtained higher scores in terms of attractiveness, sympathy, social skills and reliability.
Individually, these procedures have had more specific effects. Facelifts and superior blepharoplasty have increased sympathy and reliability. Lower blepharoplasty made men more risk averse. And the lifts of the neck raised the perceived extraversion and masculinity.
Men with broad faces are more likely to be perceived as unreliable, according to a 2010 study published in Psychological Science.
To determine these results, the researchers conducted a survey that included before and after photos of 24 men undergoing aesthetic plastic surgery between the beginning of 2009 and the end of 2016. These patients were on average just under 50 years old.
About 145 individuals – most of whom were men – completed the survey, ranking patients on attractiveness and personality traits perceived before and after their surgery. The results reflected the outcome of a similar study conducted in 2015 on female patients. That study, conducted by the same researcher, found that the women who received facial cosmetic surgery were perceived as more sympathetic, attractive and feminine.
Beauty has a price
It could do you a better job or simply make you look nicer and more reliable, but plastic surgery is also expensive – and, in some cases, potentially dangerous.
In 2018, according to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, Americans spent a total of $ 16.5 billion on aesthetic plastic surgery and minimally invasive procedures. This is 65% compared to around $ 10 billion in 2011.
Individually, the procedures cost thousands of dollars. The average national cost of a blepharoplasty reaches just over $ 3,100. More expensive procedures, such as a facial rejuvenation and a rhinoplasty, can cause you to fall back by $ 5,000.
Plastic surgery can also come with complications. These include infection, bruising, blood loss and even nerve damage, according to Healthline. But in general, plastic surgery is safe and complications occur less than 1% of the time, and a 2018 study examined 25,000 cases.
Cosmetic surgery in men is on the rise
Between 2000 and 2018, there was a 29% increase in plastic surgery procedures among men, according to a 2018 report by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Surgery with significant increases included lip augmentation with a 433% increase; cheek implants with a 133% increase; and head lifts, which have seen a huge 671% jump in men over the past two decades. Rhinoplasty was the most popular procedure among men in 2018.
"Just as women can turn into a series of procedures, known as" Mommy Makeover, "more men are embracing their set of treatments, the" Dad-Dover "," according to a statement from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.
More men are embracing their own treatment set, the & # 39; Daddy-Do-Over & # 39;
"Men notice their body changes due to aging and parenting, and it starts to look completely different between the ages of 30 and 40. This is the point of a Daddy-Do-Over", wrote Alan Matarasso, the president of the Company.
"It was a significant increase in men who received plastic surgery," New York plastic surgeon Sachin Shridharani told MarketWatch. Procedures like jaw surgery and chin prostheses can give a man a more masculine image.
Although the number of male plastic surgery patients is increasing, women are still receiving many more procedures than men. In 2018, men underwent a total of about 1,300,000 cosmetic procedures. This is in contrast to the more than 14,000,000 procedures received by women.
Social media, employment and a fading stigma
Facebook and Instagram
FB, + 1.77%
Among other social media sites, he played an important role in the rise of plastic surgery, Matarasso told MarketWatch. "Social media creates a certain amount of pressure. You connect with so many people and you see so many people. There is a pressure to look like you have fun and look good all the time," said Matarasso.
In 2017, over 200,000 adolescents underwent plastic surgery and a growing number of adolescents are interested in botox. Doctors are saying that the impeccable appearances of celebrities and influencers on social media are part of the reason behind this.
Matarasso also noted that social media has made plastic surgery more widespread and acceptable. The millennials take selfies in the recovery room and send them to their friends, he said.
"Historically, there has been a considerable stigma associated with plastic surgery," said Shridharani. "But society is allowing it now, and now we know how to do surgery on men without feminising the face."
"Now we know how to do surgery on men without feminizing the face."
In addition to the pressure of looking good online, you also need to look good at work. And those who fear age discrimination in the workplace may choose to go under the knife for a more youthful appearance. "People are changing their jobs more, and looking at their best is part of staying competitive in the labor market," said Matarasso.
It is now normal for graduates to change jobs four times before they were 32, according to a study on LinkedIn. Twenty years ago, it was typical to change jobs only twice in the first decade of college.
Matarasso noted that in some industries – such as media and entertainment – the young appearance is particularly important. "But there are also many people outside of Hollywood who believe they have to look young to be competitive in the job market," he said.
They may have good reasons to be worried: a majority of 45-year-old workers claim to have seen or experienced age discrimination, reported a 2017 study by AARP. Some of the most common procedures among these men are eyelid surgery and botox.
Age discrimination in the 1967 Employment Act banned discrimination at work against workers aged 40 or over. But a 2009 Supreme Court ruling weakened the law, according to the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM), increasing the burden of proof on workers who feel unfairly treated because of their age.
Shridharani told MarketWatch that many of his customers are executives who "want to keep looking important". He added: "They feel great and don't want to look tired."
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