Political scientist to Ukraine election winner Selenski
First comedian, soon president of Ukraine: Volodimir Selensky will change a lot, says political scientist Volodimir Fesenko. But he has to reckon with strong resistance.
taz: Mr. Fesenko, Volodimir Selensky has been elected with more than 70 percent of the vote for the new President of Ukraine. Did that surprise you, even at this altitude?
Volodymyr Fesenko: I would not have expected that for a long time. In February, however, it had become clear that Selenski is the popular figure of the population. They wanted to have just such a candidate in society. Two days before the runoff I realized how high Selenski will win, so I predicted a score of 70 to 30 percent. Poroshenko has simply run the election campaign in the three weeks before the runoff election bad. And against this background one should not be surprised about the result.
60, lecturer in history and political science. He leads the political analysis institute “Penta”.
What do you expect from the new president?
It is still difficult to predict what kind of president he will be. Maybe he will be a weak president. He has no political experience and is not prepared to accept this new work in its entirety. He is still in the process of putting his team together. These are all predetermined breaking points. At the same time, the people around him are honest boys. They really want real change. And they will act very differently than the current rulers. And even if they do not make big changes, they will be a kind of catalyst of change.
All bills and staff proposals must be approved by Parliament. However, the President may ask Parliament to give priority to certain draft legislation. And he can veto laws that can only be rejected by a two-thirds majority.
Dissolution of Parliament
The President has the power to dissolve the Parliament if it has not formed a new government within 4 weeks of an election or 60 days after the resignation of a government – or if no further meeting took place within 30 days of a full parliamentary session.
Sessions and speech
The President always has the right to speak and may also attend non-public meetings of Parliament.
Poroshenko has a powerful own faction in parliament. In addition, there are also numerous non-attached MPs who are loyal to him. Selenski has no parliamentary group. How should he work with Parliament?
This situation requires a lot of negotiating skills. Theoretically, he can dissolve the parliament. But that would bring new problems and conflicts. I know that's being discussed, but I have concerns about it. This is not good from the outside effect and practically impossible to implement. The law allows a dissolution of Parliament only until six months before the parliamentary elections. Since these are scheduled for the 27th of October, a dissolution of the Parliament may thus be ordered only until May 27th.
But somehow he has to work constructively with Parliament.
Even without elections, a small group of MPs who are loyal to the new president will find themselves very soon. And that facilitates negotiations. Nevertheless, the new president must expect resistance. And that will come mainly from Poroshenko and Poroshenko-faithful politicians. One thing is clear: the new president will not have the parliament under his control. And that means he will have a hard time getting his decisions through Parliament. This applies in particular to personnel decisions and draft laws.
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