Often the "real influence" (flu) and the influenza infection are often grouped together, but it depends on the difference. "Influenza infections can be triggered by a variety of different cold viruses," explains Josef Eckmayr, lung primary at the Wels-Grieskirchen medical center. "Symptoms are generally slow with scratches on the throat, a slightly elevated temperature is possible, typically cold, after about a week, the symptoms should decrease."
The influence, on the other hand, is caused by a threatening virus that attacks not only the upper but also the lower respiratory tract and is accompanied by a sudden, severe malaise. "High fever and dry cough are characteristic, especially for high-risk groups, the flu can be dangerous, so we recommend vaccination," says Eckmayr.
"Both with the flu and with the flu in normal course we rest in bed and drink many of the best medicines," says general practitioner Welser Wolfgang Raus.
"The influence is contagious, especially in the first three days is highly contagious," says Rainer Gattringer, head of the Institute of Hygiene and Microbiology of the Wels-Grieskirchen hospital. Viruses can be transmitted from the droplet infection.
"In normal infections, it is better to stay home, avoid crowds and save money.If the disease is more serious, the family doctor should be visited," advises Gattringer.
In the 2017/18 flu season, more than 1,300 cases of influenza were diagnosed at Wels hospital. "One reason, because too few men are inoculated," emphasizes the elderly doctor Wolfgang Pammer: "With a vaccination you can protect yourself against the genuine influence to a large extent and falls as a carrier.The experts recommend vaccination in October / November It may take up to two weeks for the vaccine to be effective, but even after that it still makes sense. "
It took me – what to do?
"Depending on the symptoms, take analgesic remedies, possibly antipyretic.To clarify the complaints, the family doctor is the first point of reference."
When is the clarification required in the hospital?
"In the case of severe disease progression or underlying diseases at increased risk, hospital clarification is important." Over-65, children and pregnant women should consult a doctor who moves to the hospital if necessary.
How can I heal well?
"Better to go to bed and drink a lot." Also use home remedies such as vinegar wrap in children to reduce fever or eat a fortifying chicken soup with ginger.In the case of "real" influence, Antiviral drugs have an early sense in high-risk patients or if you have to fear a severe course. "
When do antibiotics help?
"Antibiotics only help with a bacterial infection.The flu and most viral infections are caused by viruses.Sometimes, however, bacterial superinfection occurs in the course of a similar infection. ;influence ".