A sticky black substance, as long as ancient Egyptians used it during the ages of the Pharaohs to cover the coffins and covers of mummies, scientists were finally able to know its components.
The coverage of ancient Egyptian coffins with this black substance spread during the era of the New Kingdom, especially in the 19th and 22nd dynasties, i.e. between 1300 BC to 750 BC.
Scientists from the British Museum have access to the elements of this substance, which turned out to be made from animal fat, beeswax, resin from trees, and crude oil from the Black Sea, according to the British Daily Mail.
Scientists were able to reach the elements of this substance by analyzing more than 100 samples of them, which were subjected to steam within a process called “gaseous chromatography”.
In this process, the particles of this substance have been dismantled, so that their components can be sorted according to their mass.
The British Museum researcher, Kate Vollcher, explained that these materials differed from one shroud to another, but there are common elements in some of them.
The researcher indicated that there may be other elements used in this black matter, but it is no longer possible to discover them because of their deterioration due to time.
Among the coffins with which this method was used, was the shroud of the priest Djekhonso F. Ankh, who died 3,000 years ago.
It is reported that the tomb of Tutankhamun, which contained statues and objects covered with black liquid, has not yet been analyzed.
It is likely that the ancient Egyptians used this black matter as a sign of regeneration and rebirth, through the god Osiris.
Osiris was called “the black god” in many funerary texts, which depicted him with black skin in the form of mummified body.