Researchers have unraveled the mystery of the Neolithic site of Stonehenge – Ouest-France evening edition

The Neolithic site of Stonehenge in the United Kingdom is far from having revealed all its secrets. But recent research shows that the British monument may well have been built from an even older site, in Waun Mawn, Wales …

Waun Mawn. (Infographic: Ouest-France)

And if part of the Stonehenge mystery had finally been solved … This is what suggests a recent report, published in the journal Antiquity by a team of scientists and archaeologists from the University College of London. They announce in fact that they have found traces of a similar but older megalithic site in Wales, thus contradicting the uniqueness of the Neolithic site which remains to this day the most mysterious in the world: Stonehenge.

An older site discovered in Wales

In 2015, Professor Mike Parker Pearson and his team announced that they had identified the origin of the “blue stones” located in the central circles of the megalithic site of Stonehenge, in Wiltshire in the south of England.

We then learned that the mythical standing stones came from the region of the Preseli Hills (Preseli Hills) in Wales, more than 280 kilometers away. They even identified a career from where the stones were quarried over 5,000 years ago.

It is in this same area that scientists have worked tirelessly to analyze four monoliths in the hills at the Waun Mawn site. These revealed the existence of remains of an immense circle, which could have contained between 30 and 50 megaliths. After studying the sediments in the soil, the scientists explained that the stones had been erected no less than 400 years before those at the Stonehenge site.

Disturbing similarities

According to the research results published by scientists, the Waun Mawn site and the Stonehenge site have many similarities, starting with size.

“There are only two Neolithic monuments in Great Britain with the same diameter of 110 meters and these are Stonehenge and Waun Mawn”, reported to New Scientist Mike Parker Pearson. Even more intriguing, the arrangement of the stones would be the same. The megalith would be oriented towards the sun at the time of the summer solstice.

In view of the many points in common between the two sites, the archaeologists have managed to put forward the following hypothesis: the stones of Stonehenge come from the deconstruction of this ancient Welsh site. “The identical diameters of Waun Mawn and the outer stonehenge trench, their orientations with respect to the rising sun of the summer solstice, suggest that at least part of the [premier] circle was transported from West Wales to Salisbury Plain ‘, detail the researchers.

Welsh migrants reportedly transported the stones

A theory far from seeming far-fetched, when we know that in 2018, analyzes carried out on the deceased buried in Salisbury Plain, where the Stonehenge site is located, had been published in the journal Nature and proved that some of them were from Wales.

“It appears that the first part of Stonehenge was built, in part or in whole, by Neolithic migrants from Wales, who brought their monument (s) as a physical manifestation of their ancestral identities for the recreate in a similar form in Salisbury Plain ”, concludes the research report of archaeologists.

The Waun Mawn site has enormous similarities to that of Stonehenge. (Photo: iStockPhoto / Getty Images)

Other sites to discover?

Asked by the BBC, Professor Mike Parker Pearson is convinced that the Stonehenge site is far from having revealed all its secrets. For him, it could even be that other sites exist.

“There are an estimated 80 bluestones installed in Salisbury Plain at Stonehenge and nearby Bluestonehenge, and I think Waun Mawn is not the only stone circle that contributed to Stonehenge, did he declare. Perhaps there are others in Preseli waiting to be found. Who knows ? Someone will be lucky enough to find them. “

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