In a professional article published in a journal Nature reported that they had indeed succeeded in creating a through wormhole based on teleported quantum information. According to them, there was no physical interruption of space and time during the experiment. The research results apply to a simplified model of the universe that resembles a hologram, where quantum fields at the edge of space-time determine what happens inside. Experts liken it to the label on a can of soup describing its contents.
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According to physicists, this is the next step in using quantum physics to explore ideas about abstract universes where gravity and quantum mechanics work harmoniously together. “This is about testing quantum gravity in a real laboratory, experimental field,” she elaborated for New York Times particle physicist and research leader Maria Spiropuluová. She labeled the created phenomena based on their properties as baby wormholes.
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The physicist hopes that her team will be able to build gradually toddler and adult wormholes. According to her, however, scientists are still far from being able to send people or other living beings through such portals.
“There is a difference between something being possible in principle and being possible in reality,” she quoted CNN explanation by physicist and co-author study Joseph Lykken from the American Fermilab Physics Laboratory and Particle Accelerator. “So we’re not dealing with how to send a dog through a wormhole. For me, only what we have succeeded in is exciting,” he added.
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He expressed similar enthusiasm for New York Times and a physicist from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Daniel Harlow, who was not involved in the research: “It doesn’t teach us anything about quantum gravity that we don’t already know. But it is a great technical achievement. If we couldn’t even do this, then the simulation of more interesting theories would definitely be out of the question.”
Other experts pointed out the fact that a physical wormhole did not actually form. “If this computer experiment were to bring a wormhole into real existence, then it could be argued with success that you would achieve the same results if, for example, you just sketched it out on paper,” he responded to studied University of Texas at Austin quantum computing expert Scott Aaronson. At the same time, not one of the opponents disputed that it should not be possible to create a real wormhole in the future. According to Harlow, this could happen within 10 to 15 years, because it will be necessary to develop sufficiently powerful computers.
Almost 90 years of research
Wormholes entered physics in 1935 as one of the strangest predictions of general relativity Albert Einstein. It describes how matter and energy deform space and create what we call gravity. In the same year, Einstein and his colleague Nathan Rosen in the paper they suggested that there may be shortcuts through this spacetime that connect the pair of holes. These are referred to as Einstein-Rosen bridges. Physicist John A. Wheeler in the 1960s he called these connectors wormholes.
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These abbreviations were originally thought to be purely theoretical. They were supposed to always close as soon as something entered them. Until a few years ago, it was more or less true that such quantum tricks had nothing to do with gravity. However, in 2013, theoretical physicists Juan Maldacena and Leonard Susskind presented an idea in which they argued that the mythical phenomena that Einstein described as spooky events at a distancewhen two particles interact so closely that a certain kind of bond is formed between them, and wormholes, they are actually two sides of the same coin, each described in a different but complementary mathematical language.
“In experimental science, we’ve been trying for a very long time to find a way to explore these ideas in the laboratory,” Lykken said. “And that’s what’s really exciting about it. It’s a way to really look at these very fundamental questions of our universe in a laboratory environment,” the scientist added.
– In physics, this is a hypothetical object made possible by the ability of space-time to create a shortcut through space and time.
– It was first described in 1935 jointly by scientists Albert Einstein and Nathan Rosen as the so-called Einstein-Rosen bridge.
– The name wormhole was only given in 1967 by the physicist John Archibald Wheeler.
– The name is explained by the analogy of a worm, which from one point on the surface of an apple bites through the fruit itself to another point on its surface. So it does not travel two-dimensionally on the surface of the apple, but takes three-dimensional shortcuts through a hollowed-out hole.
– It has become a popular unit for science-fiction works. Among the most famous titles where it appears are Star Trek, Stargate, Star Wars, Thor, Interstellar, Contact, Red Dwarf.