Snowmobile, also known as “sleigh ride”, is a sport in which a group rides a steerable sled on an ice track. For the Winter Olympics bobsleigh, each country and region is limited to two teams for each event. The men’s 2-seater and 4-seater races have 4 rounds, and the results are calculated based on the cumulative time of 4 rounds of skating, and the one with the least time will be ranked first. The women’s 2-seater race has 2 rounds, and the result is calculated based on the cumulative time of 2 rounds of skating. The men’s 2-seater and 4-seater races are both two days, and the women’s 2-seater race is one day. Each team has 3 days of trial skating before the competition, and each team has 6 skating opportunities.
Developed from luge
Snowmobiles (sleds) originated in Switzerland and developed from luge. It was originally a boy named Bob in St. Moritz who improvised two sledges side by side and galloped down the mountain. This initiative immediately aroused the interest of onlookers. In 1888, after more than two months of research and design, a mechanic named Mattis in the St. Moritz area produced a long sled with a wooden frame structure equipped with a steering rudder. Therefore, people call this kind of sleigh a bobsleigh.
After Matisse’s sleigh show, it was immediately promoted. The bobsleigh developed quickly and became an important activity in St. Moritz’s reception of tourists.
In 1897, the first luge club was founded in St. Moritz. In 1903, St. Moritz built the first artificial bobsleigh route. In November 1923, the International Luge and Toboggan Federation was founded in Paris, France. In 1928, in order to promote the development of luge, the International Luge and Toboggan Federation decided to hold the World Luge Championship from 1930, and ratified the first Winter Olympics in 1924 and the second Winter Olympics in 1928. Luge racing is the first world championship and the second world championship. By 1988, the sled speed had increased from 50 km/h in the early 1920s to 143 km/h. Snowmobiles attract more and more athletes with their unique sports form and excitement.
Snowmobiling was considered a men’s sport until the 1980s. In the 1990s, this restricted area was broken by athletes from Germany, the United States, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Italy and other countries, and it developed quickly. The highest organization of snowmobiles is the International Snowmobile Federation, which was founded in Paris, France on November 23, 1923.
In 1924 it was listed as a Winter Olympics event
Snowmobiles have been listed as a Winter Olympics project since the 1924 Chamonix Winter Olympics in France. They were originally 4-seater, and were changed to 5-seaters in the 1928 Winter Olympics. By 1932, the Lake Placid Winter Olympics in the United States It will be reverted to 4-seater and 2-seater has been added. In 1998, in view of the development of women’s snowmobiling, the International Olympic Committee decided to include the women’s two-seater in the Winter Olympics, and the 2002 Salt Lake City Winter Olympics in the United States became an official event. In July 2018, the International Olympic Committee announced that the women’s single snowmobile competition will be added to the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics.
Beijing Winter Olympics
4 gold medals will be generated
The Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics snowmobile event consists of four events, namely men’s doubles, men’s fours, women’s singles and women’s doubles. There will be 4 gold medals.
Competition venue: Yanqing National Snowmobile Center
Competition time: From February 13th to 20th, the gold medals will be produced on February 14th, 15th, 19th and 20th.
Pyeongchang Winter Olympics
Make your Olympic debut
In 2015, the first Chinese snowmobile national team was established. At the 2018 Winter Olympics in PyeongChang, South Korea, the Chinese Snow Team, consisting of Shao Yijun, Wang Sidong, Li Chunjian and Shi Hao, made their Olympic debut. They won the men’s four-person snowmobile event. 26th.
This group of articles / reporter Liu Ailin
Photo courtesy/Beijing Winter Olympics Organizing Committee