Solar storm warning: Geomagnetic storm likely to hit Earth Sunday: Space: World Nature News

A geomagnetic storm is likely to hit Earth on Sunday, May 21.

This comes according to reports that a major solar storm involving a powerful explosion from the sun occurred on Thursday, May 18.

In the next 24 hours, an aurora borealis is possible, disrupting radio frequencies and satellite-based signals.

Solar storm warning

(Foto: SOHO Photography/ESA/NASA/Getty Images)
FILE PHOTO – OCTOBER 25: Astronomers at the Sun and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) captured this image of a solar prominence that erupted from the surface of the sun on October 25, 2002. Two large bulges are visible and one is shown here with Earth scale to show the large scale of the solar phenomenon This.

A large amount of solar plasma was emitted from the sun on Thursday and this could hit our planet on Sunday, affecting Earth’s atmosphere and magnetic field, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), as cited by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), said. News week.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said the arrival of a geomagnetic storm, based on model results, could last until Sunday.

This occurs when a solar storm occurs near the 3309 solar region, which also faces Earth.

Read also: Solar flare warning: Another solar storm will hit Earth on August 9

What is a geomagnetic storm?

Geomagnetic storms are synonymous with solar storms because they are the product of solar flares, coronal mass ejections (CMEs), and other types of solar eruptions.

They contain highly charged particles that move through space at high speeds.

When these particles hit Earth, they pass through our planet’s magnetic field first, often interfering with radio, satellite and communications signals.

Geomagnetic storms refer to disturbances in the Earth’s magnetosphere.

This occurs when this layer undergoes very strong “energy exchange” from the solar wind and the outer space environment around the planet, according to NOAA. Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC).

other than a solar storm.

Disruptions in the magnetosphere can also occur depending on solar wind conditions, effectively generating geomagnetic storms that can last for several hours, SWPC added.

And the US Space Weather Service adds that the largest geomagnetic storms originate from conditions associated with CMEs, which consist of one billion tons of solar-origin plasma that can reach Earth within days.

The strongest geomagnetic storm

The strongest geomagnetic storms on Earth originate from the strongest solar storms in recorded history, known as the “Carrington Event”.

The solar storm was so great that it disabled even the most advanced technological equipment of the time.

In 1859, British solar astronomer Richard Carrington made his routine observations on the clear morning of September 1.

He pointed his telescope at the sun and picked up a large cluster of sunspots, in which two white grains of light appeared and intensified after a few minutes, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) narrated.

Before dawn on September 2, skies around the world were replaced with polar colors of red, green, and purple that reached as far as Cuba, El Salvador, Hawaii, and the Bahamas, according to NASA.

This phenomenon is odd because most of the aurora borealis in the Northern Hemisphere only reach the northernmost plains of the United States and adjacent Arctic regions.

Moreover, telegraph stations around the world were down at that time.

The US space agency added that the reported spark and discharge startled the telegraph operator on duty, and the telegraph paper caught fire.

Although no injuries were reported during the event, a Carrington-level solar storm at this time would have had a much greater impact.

Related article: Solar storm: A stream of geomagnetic storms traveling at 2.1 million kilometers per hour hits Earth

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2023-05-21 15:35:55

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