In a pulmonary embolism, a blood vessel in the lung is blocked by a blood clot. To recognize dangerous thrombosis and act correctly.
Update from 6 December 2018: German television and radio host Stefanie Tücking died on Saturday night (2 December 2018) completely surprised with only 56 years. The cause of death was a pulmonary embolism.
This narrowing of a pulmonary artery can affect anyone – regardless of age and gender. It is usually a blood clot that blocks the pulmonary artery. The lungs are no longer supplied with sufficient oxygen. The same happens with heart attack or stroke: a cap of blood closes an artery and the underlying tissue is destroyed by oxygen deficiency.
If a blood clot obstructs a pulmonary artery, doctors talk about pulmonary embolismIf the smaller vessels are affected, some pulmonary emboli pass almost unnoticed. However, if a larger ship is closed, there is a danger to life.
The thrombus as a cause of pulmonary embolism
In order for a wound to close quickly – for example, after a cut – the body first stops the flow of blood to the injured tissue with platelets, the so-called platelets. This protects the body against bleeding. But even without an external injury, blood clots can form in the bodywhen the blood flows too slowly and gets jammed in the body. This clot is called thrombus – thrombosis occurs.
Above all the lumps in the veins of the legs and in the pelvic area are very dangerous. They are wiped out, they can get stuck in a blood vessel in the lungs and clog it,
Is it a pulmonary embolism? These symptoms are typical
Thrombosis is not always easy to recognize for patients. Undefined symptoms occur as swollen ankles or sore calves cause pain even when inhaled or in need of air, some points of a pulmonary embolism.
- Chest pain
- Feeling of anxiety and anxiety
- difficulty in breathing
- Sweating or loss of consciousness
- Pain and overheating in the leg
- bloody expectoration
When has the risk of pulmonary embolism increased?
The risk of pulmonary embolism increases, among other things, with prolonged bed rest, but also after operations, delivery, under some pre-existing conditions such as Blood coagulation disorders or long journeys that require long periods of sitting on the bus or on the plane.
Only about 30 percent of all emboli are diagnosed before death. In Germany, about 40,000 to 100,000 people die each year due to a pulmonary embolism, reported the Norddeutsche Rundfunk. This makes pulmonary embolism after heart attack and stroke one of the most frequent cardiovascular diseases,
Did you know that?? Aspirin should still have this effect,
How can pulmonary embolism be treated?
Doctors treat pulmonary embolism with blood-thinning drugs such as heparin. These dissolve the blood clot. If the patient suffers from respiratory problems, oxygen is used and, if necessary, drugs for stabilization of the circulation. Partial anticoagulant drugs should be administered intravenously,
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dpa / AFP / ml / jg