Sweet drinks and cancer: juice, set and match


While the summer is conducive to their consumption, a study establishes a link between fruit juice and cancer. Their sugar level has nothing to envy Cokeeven the best fruit juice would be affected by this increased risk of cancer! The newspapers, thirsty for sensational information, were quick to do a little faster on this information …

Sweetened drinks – including freshly squeezed fruit juices – can increase the risk of cancer, according to a study published in 2006 British Medical Journalis widely transmitted these last days. The study, conducted by French scientists, followed more than 100,000 people for five years. The team of the Sorbonne-Paris-Cité University believes that the impact of blood sugar (blood sugar level) could be the cause of this. However, contrary to the media coverage of the publication, this study is far from definitive and the same researchers stated that they needed research to establish a clear cause-effect relationship. At the beginning of the summer, when the climate and our habits (the holidays …) increase the consumption of sweet drinks of all kinds, the stakes of this information is important for many economic sectors, from the Agro-food to the small farmer in passing through catering and distribution, large and small. It is therefore not useless to try to better understand what this study tells us published in perfect timing …

Innocent aspartame?

Let's start with "the subject of the crime". For researchers, a sweet drink is a drink containing more than 5% sugar. This included fruit juices (even without added sugar), soda (soft drinks), sweetened milk drinks, energy drinks and tea or coffee – if you consume them with added sugar. Interesting detail: the Sorbonne scientists focused on diet drinks (diet, zero etc.). Using non-caloric artificial sweeteners to replace sugar, but found no connection with cancer … a glass of juice. the organic orange pressed at home and consumed immediately is therefore riskier than a can of light drink …

Specifically, the study concludes that an additional daily consumption of 100 ml of sugary drinks – the equivalent of about two cans per week or just over three glasses of juice of 14 oranges – would increase the risk of developing the cancer And since there were 2,193 cases of cancer reported among the 100,000 people followed by the researchers (693 were breast cancer, 291 prostate cancer and 166 colorectal cancer), this means that this consumption (100 ml more per day ) would result in more than 400 cancers every five years (26 instead of 22 per 1,000). But before we say it, we must be sure that there is a true causal link between the consumption of sugary drinks and the development of cancer. However, for the moment, the study shows only a correlation between the phenomena. And as we know, Post hoc, ergo propter hoc (As a consequence of this, therefore because of this) it is a cognitive prejudice which consists in pretending that if one event follows another then the first is necessarily the cause of the second. Further research is therefore needed. In other words, the study was designed in such a way as to be able to identify trends without being able to explain them. For example, it has been shown that among people who drank the most amount of sugary drinks (about 185 ml a day, ie half a can or a glass of orange juice) there were more cases of cancer than to those who have drunk less (30 ml per day or less, or a glass of orange juice per week).

A strongly suspected link, but to be confirmed

So obviously, it makes sense to deduce from these results that sugary drinks increase the risk of cancer. But this is just a hypothesis, a possible explanation, no more. So, people who drink sweeter drinks might have other behaviors that increase the risk of cancer and sugary drinks would have no role … The same researchers say that a very strong link was established between sugar content and sugar levels in the blood on one side and the risk of cancer from the other. But at the same time, they suggest that chemicals in drinks, such as certain dyes, could be involved.

And then, according to Catherine Collins, dietitian of the NHS (British Health Services) quoted by the BBC: "There was no significant difference between the groups with respect to body weight or the incidence of diabetes, which is often cited as an associated risk". According to this study, the lean ones like the round ones are therefore equal to the cancer. Clearly, this study cannot say that sugary drinks cause cancer. And of course, everyone can take precautions by reducing the amount of sugar in their diet. Waiting for the next studies …

. (TagsToTranslate), cancer (t) Health


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