The European Space Agency (ESA) has unveiled the effects of the disappeared continents hidden under Antarctica for millions of years.
The new satellite images reveal a chronology of the ancient earth buried at 1.6 kilometers below the glacier.
The images were taken using the gravitational field and the ocean explorer GOCE, which landed on Earth after the fuel ran out in 2013.
While the satellite stayed out of its orbit for 5 years, scientists continued to collect data from the gravitational pull.
A group of scientists used the "GOCE" readings to track the movements of Earth's tectonic plates under Antarctica. The study allowed the tracking of hidden tectonic transitions over 200 million years ago, as well as new insights into the way Antarctica was formed.
"The images of gravity revolutionize our ability to study the most mysterious continent of the continent: Antarctica," said Fausto Veracioli, co-author of the British Exploration Study, the scientific leader of geology and geophysics in Antarctica.
"In Eastern Antarctica, we see an exciting mosaic of geological features revealing the similarities and fundamental differences between the Earth's crust under Antarctica and other continents that joined 160 million years ago," he said.
Scientists gathered between the GOCE readings and the seismic data to create three-dimensional maps of the rocky crust.
The rock cover consists of the crust and the melted cover beneath the earth's surface, as well as the mountain ranges, the oceans and the rocky areas called Kraton, remains of ancient continents submerged by the continents we know today. The new data highlighted the breakdown of Gondwana, a long-vanished "super continent" of what is now known as Antarctica.
While the area was divided 130 million years ago, the map shows that Antarctica and Australia are still connected as they were 55 million years ago.
The study also revealed that Western Antarctica contained a thinner crust than those of eastern Antarctica.
Scientists hope the results will be used to examine how Antarctic geology and the continental structure affect melting ice.