Tests to detect evils that kill Mexicans the most collapse

The test to detect diabetes fell from 23.7% to 15.3 percent, despite being one of the main causes of death in Mexico. Photo: Notimex / Archive

MEXICO CITY.

The tests to detect early three of the evils that kill the most Mexicans plummeted in the last six years.

Fewer women and men underwent a medical study to diagnose early cancer, diabetes and high blood pressure, as well as overweight and obesity.

According to the National Health and Nutrition Survey (Ensanut 2018-2019), released last week, only three out of 10 women aged 20 years or more (28.9%) went to a medical service to have a Pap test for the cervical cancer detection, unlike the almost five out of ten women (44.3%) who reported having undergone such an examination in the 2012 Ensanut.

It is, in fact, the lowest level of testing reported since 2000, when 29.4% of women went to a medical service for a Pap smear.

In 2018, the 40 to 59-year-old group reported the highest percentage (38.6%) of tests. However, only 25.7% of women between the ages of 20 and 39 and 18.3% of those over 60 underwent a study.

The cervico-uterine is the second most frequent cancer among Mexican women. Every year between 7,000 and 8,000 new cases and 4,000 deaths are diagnosed.

According to Ensanut 2018-2019, other tests that suffered a drop were those related to the timely detection of breast cancer.

In the case of clinical breast examination, the survey indicates that 21.5% of women aged 20 years or older reported having performed such an examination, while, in 2012, 36.31% of women said they had done it.

Regarding the detection of breast cancer, 27.5% of women aged 40 to 69 attended a mammogram in the 12 months prior to the survey, while in 2012, 15% of women aged 40 to 49 years and 26% of those from 50 to 59 did.

Breast cancer is the leading cause of death from malignant tumors among women aged 25 years and older. Annually around 7 thousand Mexican women die from this cause.

In both breast and cervical-uterine cancer, timely detection is key to saving the lives of patients, since both neoplasms are considered curable, as long as they are diagnosed in time.

Diabetes and hypertension

The detection of diabetes mellitus, one of the main causes of death in the country, also fell, going from 23.7% to 15.3 percent.

Only 13.1% of men and 17.1% of women had a blood glucose test in 2018.

Likewise, blood pressure measurements decreased from 28.4 to 12.9%, between the 2018-2019 Ensanut and that of 2012. In 2018, only 11.4% of men and 14.2% of women took this test.

For the detection of overweight and obesity, conditions that trigger other conditions, only 8.4% of Mexicans over 20 years of age attended in 2018, while in 2012 the reported figure was 20.7 percent.

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