The Arab world in seven charts: Are Arabs turning their backs on religion?



Arabs are increasingly saying they are more religious, according to the largest and most in-depth surveys undertaken of the Middle East and North Africa.

The finding of a number on how Arabs feel about a wide range of issues, from women's rights and migration to security and sexuality.

More than 25,000 people were interviewed for the survey – for BBC News

Here are some of the results.

Since 2013, the number of people across the region identifying as "not religious" has risen from 8% to 13%. The rise is greatest in the under 30s, among whom 18% identify as religious, according to the research. Only Yemen saw a fall in the category.

Most people across the region supported the woman to become prime minister or president. The exception was Algeria where less than 50% of those questioned that a woman was acceptable.

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But when it comes to domestic life, most – of women – believe that husbands should always have the final say on family decisions. Only in Morocco did a few people think of a husband should always be the ultimate decision maker.

Acceptance of homosexuality varies but is low or extremely low across the region. In Lebanon, despite having a reputation for being more socially liberal than its neighbors, the figure is 6%.

An honor killing is one in which relatives kill a family member, typically a woman, for allegedly bringing dishour onto the family.

Every place surveyed put Donald Trump's Middle East policies last when comparing these leaders. By contrast, in seven of the 11 places surveyed, half of them approved Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's approach.

Lebanon, Libya and Egypt ranked Vladimir Putin's policies ahead of Erdogan's.

Totals for each country not always sum to 100 because 'Don't know' and 'Refused to respond' have not been included.

Security remains a concern for many in the Middle East and North Africa. When asked which countries were the biggest threat to their national security, after Israel, the US was identified as the second biggest threat in the region.

In every place questioned, research was considered emigrating. In Sudan, this accounted for half the population.

Economic reasons were overwhelmingly cited as the driving factor.

They're not all aiming for Europe

Areas where people want to go to.


* Middle East and North Africa

Respondents could choose more than one option. Click on the chart above, click to launch interactive content.

The number of people considering leaving for the region has risen.

By Becky Dale, Irene de la Torre Arenas, Clara Guibourg, and Tom de Castella.

BBC Arabic is covering this subject all this week. Follow #BBCARABICSURVEY on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram for more.

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Media captionThe BBC Arabic Survey


The survey was carried out by the research network, Arab Barometer. The project interviewed 25,407 face-to-face people in 10 countries and the Palestinian territories. The Arab Barometer is a research network based at Princeton University. The 45-minute, largely tablet-based interviews were conducted by researchers with participants in private spaces.

It does not include Iran or Israel, though it does include the Palestinian territories. Most countries in the region are included but several Gulf governments refused full access to the survey. The Kuwait results came in too late to include in the BBC Arabic coverage. Syria could not be included two to the difficulty of access.

For legal and cultural reasons some countries asked to drop some questions. These exclusions are taken into account when expressing the results, with limitations clearly outlined.

You can find more details about the methodology on the Arab Barometer website.


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