DATE AID 2020. The date of Eid el-Fitr, the end of Ramadan celebration, was set for Sunday, May 24, 2020 by the Religious Commission meeting at the Grand Mosque of Paris this Friday evening for the “night of doubt” . The news.
[Mis à jour le 22 mai 2020 à 20h02] The date of Eid el-Fitr is now official: it is Sunday, May 24, as announced by the CFCM (French Council for Muslim Worship) via a press release published this Friday, May 22 on the Twitter account of the Grande mosquée de Paris. “After consulting the astronomical data, the commission noted the impossibility of observing the new moon on this 29th day of the month of Ramadhan 2020/1441 [année en cours dans le calendrier islamique, ndlr]”said the body. This Friday evening marked, from 6.30 pm, the” Night of doubt “traditionally dedicated to the observation of the crescent moon.
But what are the recommendations for the celebration of the end of Ramadan celebration? The CFCM (French Council for Muslim Worship) and the Grand Mosque of Paris have given special instructions adapted to the Covid-19 health crisis in France. The two authorities therefore urge Muslims to refrain from organizing events for Eid al-Fitr in mosques. In a press release, the CFCM also stresses that “resumption of religious ceremonies in mosques cannot take place on the occasion of large gatherings such as Eid or Friday prayer. “
The date of Eid el-Fitr 2020 was officially confirmed by the Religious Commission which met on Friday 22 in the evening for the “night of doubt” at the Great Mosque of Paris, and who took note of the impossibility of observing the crescent of new moon in the sky before the next Saturday. In the “Hegirian” calendar, name of the Muslim lunar calendar, the fast of Ramadan lasts a full lunar month. Astronomical calculations gave this year as the indicative date of Eid el Fitr, the end of Ramadan, that of Sunday, May 24, 2020 (versus June 4 last year).
The CFCM (French Council of Muslim Worship) had also announced, after a start of the Ramadan fast on April 24, that the holy month would last “very probably 30 days” and that consequently, the day of the ‘Eid al-Fitr would correspond “most likely to May 24, 2020”.
Eid el-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan: its date is actually that of the first of the month following that of Ramadan. The date is determined by the traditional lunar observation of the “Night of doubt” / “Night of the announcement”, as is the case for each month end of the Muslim lunar calendar.
It is the Great Mosque of Paris which houses the lunar observations of the beginning and end of the month of Ramadan. If a crescent moon is observed, then the end of Ramadan occurs the same evening, if not, it is necessary to wait one more day.
How to wish Eid el-Fitr? The specialized site Assabile.com offers different formulas to Muslims and non-Muslims to wish each other a happy holiday of Eid el-Fitr at the end of the sacred month of fasting for the faithful. Here is a selection of these messages:
- “Eid Mubarak Said”
- “Eid Mubarak Said, may God accept your fast and your prayers”.
- “Eid Mubarak Said to you and your whole family, may God bless you and grant your dearest wishes”.
- “Eid Mubarak, best wishes for health and happiness”.
Religious aspects of Eid el-Fitr: how do prayer and “zakat al-Fitr” come about?
Also called “Aïd el-Seghir”, Aïd el-Fitr means “little celebration” in French. This celebration is not “just” a way to mark the end of the fast of the month of Ramadan, but also symbolizes for Muslim communities around the world a great moment of sharing, peace and joy. The festival of Eid el-Fitr is thus the occasion, usually, of large family meals, gifts, visits to loved ones … During the celebration, the Muslims also exchange the vow of “Eid Mubarak “,” happy Eid celebration “in French. Six additional days of fasting are traditionally practiced after the “feast of the break” which is Eid el-Fitr: “the six days of chawwal”, from the name of the month which follows that of Ramadan in the “Hegirian” calendar ( name of the Muslim calendar).
Before the Eid prayer, Muslims must also have given Zakât al-fitr, the end of Ramadan alms. They can buy food or money for those in need. The day of Eid el-Fitr is also special because of its specific morning prayer. According to the specialized site Al Kanz, this morning prayer of Eid el-Fitr theoretically takes place when the sun “rises above the horizon the length of a spear” (about three meters). In practice, mosques set the time for collective prayer themselves. Eid al-Fitr is above all an important day on a spiritual level. It allows you to come back to learn the lessons of this month of fasting, to take stock of the good or bad actions accomplished.
In fact, to validate the efforts made during Ramadan, each believing Muslim must pay alms to the needy, as a mark of solidarity. The “zakat al-Fitr” indeed allows those who are in need to celebrate the festival of Eid like any Muslim, without having to beg for money that day. This year, the representative bodies of the Muslim faith in France have fixed the amount of this alms at 7 euros per person, which the head of the family must pay by paying it for each family member for whom he is responsible, children and babies including. A family of 5 people with 3 children, even very young, must therefore pay for the end of this Ramadan the sum of 35 euros, in order to “purify” the fast.