The Angelo of the Independence of Mexico City woke up a few days ago with graffiti that told the reality of a country: "Mexico feminicida", because every four minutes a woman suffers a violation; "Self-defense now", because reports of sexual crimes have increased by 20% so far this year in a country where 93% of crimes remain unresolved. Moreover "Never again will they have the complicity of our silence", because hundreds of Mexican women have decided that their cry of fatigue resonates with an increasing force, for thousands, millions, which they cannot do.
The rape of a girl under the age of 17 presumably by four police officers was the trigger for the latest protests against the authorities in Mexico City, ruled by a progressive woman, Claudia Sheinbaum, the whose first reaction was to say that it would not fall into provocations when they launched glitter (glitter, diamond) against one of his officers. The demonstrations of the last days, however, are the confirmation of the rise of the feminist movement in Mexico.
Women's mobilization is not new. In 2016, after the #MiPrimerAcoso label made visible the frequency with which Mexicans suffer harassment in the streets, women went out to report. Three years later, the situation is the same or more alarming: the Me Too movement has led women to break the silence with one voice; the demonstrations have increased the tone and have greater participation. Through symbols like the diamond, women were planted in the main streets of the city. The feminist movement has found Mexicans both the fatigue of a situation that puts them at a disadvantage, and a high organizational potential for social mobilization. "Feminism is in the streets, in the media and in networks. Sometimes it comes diluted, but there are different currents. It is a new generation that has no channels for dialogue, no opportunities and no longer to demonstrate ”, describes Valentina Zendejas, deputy director of the Leadership Institute Simone de Beauvoir.
The rise of the feminist movement in Mexico is in line with global mobilizations, in the case of countries like Spain, Argentina, Brazil or the United States. The green tide of Argentina – which promotes the right to abortion in that country – came to touch Mexican women, who also adopted the green scarf to ask for their right to decide on their bodies. Although there are cultural differences, women in these countries have found common elements that spread rapidly through social networks. "They are very young women who protest in a reaction to patriarchal violence. They use social networks a lot and give the protest an international character, "he explains.
However, Mexico has a clear element that differentiates it from any country in the world: widespread violence and lack of response from the authorities. In the Latin American country, an average of 100 people are killed a day, at least three are victims of feminicides, according to official data. The perpetual image of violence has permeated Mexicans every day for more than a decade and has already exacerbated several groups, including women. "There is a generalized context of violence in Mexico and violence against women is much more extreme than in other countries. It is curious that it is the feminist movement that takes to the streets to demonstrate against violence and against an inoperative judicial system ", states the expert of Simone de Beauvoir. As Zendejas points out, the fuse that lit and that far from being extinguished by the organization of different groups is about to become a blaze, is the result of a "legitimate anger in the face of government ineffectiveness for many years".
The arrival of the country's first left-wing president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador and the first woman elected to head the capital's government, sparked a glimmer of hope for civil rights movements. López Obrador has promised, in general, to address the main problems of Mexico with a different perspective than his predecessors. The expectation of the Mexican government's actions regarding violence against women is very high. The National Women's Institute (Inmujeres) is evaluating the main problems of Mexican women, although it already recognizes that this genus has no access to justice and that they suffer significantly from the wage gap.
However, until now López Obrador has failed to reduce the levels of violence that plague the country or the number of feminicides. The president who has made symbols and gestures his government flag has not even managed to get one for women. After the protests of recent days, when asked if they had a plan to reduce feminicides, their response was to say that the National Guard, that is, the military, had a strategy to eradicate them.
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