The French say they travel less in the car every day

The revolt of the "yellow jackets" shows: the car remains the means of transport hegemonic in France and in many European countries, but its use is in decline, as revealed by an international investigation.

Is the car still a hegemonic for trips to France? So the question arises "Yellow jackets" Call to block roads and strategic points Saturday, November 17 against rising fuel prices. The third wave of the Emerging Mobility Observatory, presented on November 15 by the society and the consumption of the observatory (Obsoco), in collaboration with the Chronos company, provides an illuminating light. If the car remains the most common mode of transportation, it seems to be getting less common every day.

Between 2016 and 2018, the number of daily users of a car actually decreased from 59% to 50%. However, this percentage is the largest among the countries studied by Obsoco. This percentage of daily drivers is only 42% in Spain, 45% in Germany and 49% in Great Britain.

The car does not seduce so much. According to Obsoco, more than one in two motorists is ready to rethink its use of the car, even in small towns. 25% can not do it for now and 18% say they use their vehicle "The least possible".

When transport reinvents itself

Less vehicles owned

Logical consequence: the French are more likely to believe that full ownership of a car is no longer the ideal solution. More numerous but still in the minority (37%). A percentage slightly lower than the European average of the study: 63% of the French still plebiscite the "freehold" car (compared with 71% in 2016) but the result falls to 60% for all countries studied.

Finally, 68% of French people say they have changed their way of moving to act in favor of the environment against 64% for the international champion.

inequalities

How do drivers in the four survey countries adopt other travel arrangements? Perhaps reducing the inequalities expressed by respondents. Only 20% of the inhabitants of rural areas say they have the opportunity to choose between different travel solutions. In fact, 62% of them take the car every day.

On the other hand, it's no surprise, 64% of the inhabitants of a city of over 100,000 are happy to have a choice for their travels. In fact, the percentage of daily drivers drops to 37%.

The demolition bonus is full

Who are the prisoners of the car? This group is characterized by a rather rural, financially limited, less educated, older and more feminine profile than the average.

Emerging mobility

The decline of the entire motorist is also translated by an increase in the power of new mobility. So four practices are already well established with the study population that has used them in the last 12 months: carpooling (31% and 30% in France), cycling for commuting (30%), long distance bus (27%) and VTC ( 20%). Urban skiing (scooters, skateboards and other Segways) occupies 5is position with 10% of users.

Michel Waintrop

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