For decades, Omar al-Bashir ruled Sudan, and now the military has arrested the sovereign, according to the defense minister. The army then takes control of the country.
A few hours after the military coup in Sudan, the former Defense Minister Awad Ibn Auf was sworn in as president of the military transition council. Indeed, he is following President Omar al-Bashir, who was deposed and arrested after nearly 30 years in power Thursday morning. The representative of Ibn Aufs Gamal Abdel-Maruf had sworn. The Sudanese State Broadcasting Corporation reported this.
According to the military, the transitional council should remain in office for two years and prepare for the elections. However, the opposition, which contributed to the overthrow of al-Bashir with its street protests, is pushing for faster change and wants to continue its rallies. The protesters ignored the imposition of the military ban on Thursday night.
The long-term ruler of Sudan, Omar al-Bashir, was arrested and taken to a safe place. "The people of Sudan have suffered so much under the regime," said Ibn Auf. The al-Bashir government has always lied and made false promises.
All political prisoners should be released. This reported the official SUNA news agency without further details, citing the NISS intelligence. Initially it was not clear how many prisoners would be hit and how quickly they would have to be released. It was not until the weekend that some 2,500 people were arrested during protests against the government and al-Bashir.
EU and US appeal for new military leadership
The European Union has called for a rapid transfer of government responsibilities to civilians following the overthrow of the Sudanese president. The head of foreign policy of the EU, Federica Mogherini, said today that only a "credible and inclusive political process" could meet the expectations of the Sudanese people and lead to the necessary political and economic reforms. For this reason, power must be transferred quickly to a civil transition government.
The US State Department has requested the new military leadership in Sudan to allow civilians to participate in the government. The Sudanese people have made clear that they want a civilian-led political transition, a spokesman for the ministry in Washington said.
End of a ten-year dictatorship
Protesters broke into a powerful intelligence center in the city of Kasala, in the east of the country, eyewitnesses said. Reuters reported that soldiers also raided al-Bashir's party headquarters.
Omar al-Bashir: the Sudanese president was arrested. (Source: Mohamed Nureldin Abdallah / Reuters)
For months, tens of thousands demonstrated against the head of the authoritarian state, which ruled the country in north-eastern Africa for three decades with a hard hand. The demonstrations were triggered by the severe economic crisis. But the protests were increasingly directed against the 75-year-old president himself.
The protests ended over the weekend, with thousands of people gathering every day outside the headquarters of the Armed Forces, which is also the residence of Al-Bashir. The security forces were sometimes using live ammunition and killed at least 21 people, according to a medical association. According to Khartoum figures, some parts of the armed forces also lined up with the protesters and provided firefights with security forces.
According to a United Nations index, Sudan is one of the 25 poorest countries in the world. Until the secession of South Sudan, the economy depended heavily on oil, which, according to the World Bank, accounted for half of government revenue and 95% of exports. But in 2011, Sudan lost most of its oil fields. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), this year economic growth is expected to be -2.3 percent. About 41 million people live in the country, which is about five times larger than Germany.
(t) Crisis and conflicts (t) Sudan (t) President (t) Khartoum (t) Government (t) Putsch (t) Khartoum (t) Omar al-Bashir