Madrid, April 13 (EUROPA PRESS) .- The NASA Chandra telescope captured that the jet of high-energy particles coming out of the black hole of the M87 galaxy – the first of which is taken a real image – exceeds a thousand light years.
The astronomers turned to this X-ray telescope to obtain M87 data during the observation of April 2017 from the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT).
These X-ray data, in combination with the new EHT radio image and other observations, will help scientists learn more about high-energy emissions and growth and ejection physics in the event horizon , the boundary between what can and cannot escape the gravitational limit of a black hole, reports the Chandra Observatory in a statement.
Chandra has a much wider field of view than EHT, so you can see the total length of the jet of high-energy particles generated by the intense gravitational and magnetic fields around the M87 black hole. This jet, seen in detail by Chandra in the box, extends over 1,000 light years from the center of the galaxy.
For this research, a team from the University of Vilanova led by Joey Nielsen used the combined observations of Chandra, the EHT and the Nustar telescope to measure the X-ray brightness of the jet, a data point used by the EHT scientists Evaluate your jet models.
Future questions that the Chandra data can help explore include: How do black holes accelerate some particles to the very high energies that scientists have seen? How does the black hole produce the spectacular jets that Chandra and Hubble have been studying for many years? Does the Chandra data and the NASA NASSTAR observatory help determine more about physics in this environment?
M87 is an elliptical galaxy in the galactic cluster of Virgo, about 60 million light years from Earth. For years, scientists have known that a supermassive black hole weighing several billion times the mass of the Sun is at the center of M87.
Around the elliptical galaxy is a multi-million degree gas reservoir that shines in X-ray light. Chandra's studies of this hot gas have given astronomers information on the behavior and properties of the giant black hole.