The new Argentine president tries to form a left axis in Latin America


Contrary to the usual practice in Argentina, the president-elect dedicates his first visit abroad to Brazil, the first commercial and strategic partner, the visit of the new president Alberto Fernandez in Mexico, which confirms the deterioration of personal relationships with his Brazilian counterpart, Jair Bolsonaro on the one hand, and his attempt to compensate for this deterioration by strengthening political and economic relations with the northern neighbor.

The personal relations between Fernandez and Bolsonaro at their lowest level in months after the statements made by the Brazilian president after the presidential elections won by Fernandez, asking the Argentines to correct the trend to prevent an economic and social disaster if the Peronists came back to power, which he says is like a return to Chavez's rule in Venezuela. After the recent elections of Fernandez, Bolsonaro returned to say that the Argentines had "elected themselves evil" and insisted that he was not willing to shake hands with the new Argentine president, despite the strong political ties that had previously bound the two countries and their common economic interests.

Fernandez calculates that the reports will be easier with the Mexican president Lopez Obrador, on the one hand he gets an ideological ally that helps him to ease tensions with Brazil, from the other he can count on the good relations between Obrador and the president of the States United Donald Trump to mediate with the IMF in the difficult negotiations that should be addressed. The crisis to repay the huge loan, in light of the serious economic and financial crisis that Fernandez will inherit from the current president Mauricio Macri next month. The critics of Fernandez affirm that even if these objectives cannot be achieved, the political and economic alliance with Mexico opens up promising prospects for the new Argentine administration, especially since Obrador, in his first year in office, has crushed the liberal economic system and the traditional Peruvian discourse was inadvertently used. He blames the financial markets and blames them for the country's economic crisis.

The first signs so far of the meeting held by Fernandez and Luper Obrador in Mexico on Monday indicate that the Argentine president has returned empty-handed from the Mexican capital, after realizing that foreign policy is not among the priorities of the Mexican president, at least for the moment. He has not been outside his country for two years, and since his election he has not traveled once abroad, refusing to participate in the G20 and the United Nations General Assembly, leaving his Foreign Minister, Marcelo Ebrard , to represent him in international forums.

Observers point out that Lopez Obrador's reluctance to carry out an external activity equivalent to the political and economic dimension of Mexico raises some frustration and frustration between the left and progressive forces in Latin America, whose victory was a moral boost after years of electoral decline and defeats. Observers attribute it to Obrador who adopts a foreign policy based on the principle of pleasing everyone, and from his enthusiasm not to interfere in the affairs of others each party feels what he likes to hear, whether it be Donald Trump or Nicolas Maduro, or of the new Argentine president who is not in doubt His enthusiasm will grow cold in forming a great left – progressive axis in Latin America, after winning the elections.

Lopez Obrador did not wait until the end of his talks with Fernandez, to clarify his position on the efforts made on several fronts to revive the left-wing axis that had previously included Brazil, under Lula, Ecuador, Bolivia, Argentina and Venezuela, under the Cuban umbrella when Fidel Castro was alive.

The president of Mexico took advantage of his press conference the day before and announced the meeting with his Argentine counterpart to say that "the most important, in the development of our foreign policy, is to proceed from the principles enshrined in the Constitution , such as non-interference in the affairs of others, the right of peoples to self-determination and peaceful cooperation to resolve disputes ".

Asked about the expectations of the Argentine president, he added: "There is no doubt that what binds us to the peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean is fraternal relations and a common destiny. At the same time, we have economic relations, cooperation and mutual respect with the United States and Canada, and we will maintain these relationships for geographical, strategic and economic reasons and for the friendship that binds us ".

After the meeting, the Argentine president was in front of journalists, accompanied by the Mexican foreign minister, to say: "The talks were more than excellent. "We both put Latin America and its economic and political integration at the center of its concerns and priorities." In his efforts to form an important leftist axis in Latin America, Fernandes said: "We do not intend to form a doctrinal reference to reject any party. You know what his position is on the subject and what my position is. "We both respect the work of the institutions and are guided by democratic principles".


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