News The reopening began in the United States: how were...

The reopening began in the United States: how were the first days

Monday April 27 various places of United States they started to reopen their economies and their societies. When the country approached the million infected confirmed from COVID-19 and exceeded 55,000 deaths, estimates suggested that the worst was over, with a peak of deaths 12 days earlier, and some states began to enable activities. Georgia and Oklahoma allowed the reopening of beauty salons, spas and barbershops, while Alaska It allowed restaurants and retail stores to reopen.

Too South Carolina, Colorado, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana and Tennessee they took opening measures. However, in the local jurisdictions, like counties and even municipalities, some restrictions can be kept in effect, which causes a mosaic that infectious diseases consider dangerous. For example, the county of Miami-Dade announced the reopening of parks, marinas and golf courses, while the Beaches still closed although the governor of the Florida, Ron DeSantis, opened them.

While stressing the importance of social distance and the use of masks in public to limit the transmission of the new coronavirus, the reopening of the economy seems crucial for more than 26 million Americans who applied for insurance unemployment —An unprecedented number: one in six workers—, many of whom have not yet received one-time payment assistance from USD 1,200 from the federal government, which in some cases could be delayed until the end of July.

Returning to normal activities is also a important issue for the campaign presidential in which the current president compete, Donald trump, for his reelection, and the former vice president Joe Biden, Democratic pre-candidate. Most states Democrats have spoken out against an early reopening of the economy that could spoil the efforts made so far and rekindle the contagion, especially in both states most populous in the country, California and New York. Those who resumed activities are republican, with the exception of three that rule over very rural territories, Colorado, Minnesota and Montana.

To the pressure of the companies and the unemployment of the citizens were added protests in Michigan, Kentucky, Virginia, Texas, Wisconsin, Kansas and Pennsylvania, among other states. Voices of complaint were also raised among the academics, such as the Scott Atlas, a research neuroradiologist at the Hoover Institution at the University of Stanford that he published in The Hill: “The tragedy of the COVID-19 pandemic seems to be entering the containment phase. Tens of thousands of Americans have died, and citizenship is now desperate for sensible politicians who have the courage to ignore panic and trust the facts. Leaders must analyze the accumulated data and see what really happened instead of continuing to emphasize hypothetical projections, combine that empirical test with the fundamental principles of biology that have been consolidated for decades and then, reflexively, put the country back on track ”.

But while Atlas stresses that governments that insist on “near-total confinement” ignore basic facts, such as “protecting the elderly and at risk eliminates hospital overload,” the COVID Tracking Project indicated that so far only the test to detect the SARS-CoV-2 to 4.7 million people in a country of 330 million and a Harvard research estimated that to reopen society safely requires a minimum of 500,000 tests per day, and so far only one fifth has been reached, even speeding up the pace.

How the states that reopened acted

“Although limited in scope and subject to social distancing restrictions, the reopens marked a symbolic landmark in the debate“, he pointed The Guardian. “We are super excited to reopen, but we get criticism from people who say it is too soon“Amy Pembrook, who has a beauty salon with her husband, Mike, in Fairview, Oklahoma, told the media. “We can only say that either we live in fear for a long time or we trust that everything will turn out well ”.

The New York Times made a synthesis of the measures in the states that are beginning to reactivate. They pay a lot of attention to others who have orders to stay home that expire on April 30, and whose governors have not yet manifested themselves in this regard.

Alaska He has been with an indication to stay home since March 28, and while he has not raised it, Governor Mike Dunleavy relaxed the restrictions on going to restaurants, retail stores and non-essential services like hairdressers and manicures. The reopening process began on April 24, with some restrictions: for example, restaurants can only have the 25% of their usual tables, to guarantee social distance, and only work with Bookings previous.

South Carolina was one of the latest states to order their citizens to stay in houses – it did it on April 7 – and it was the first to begin the reopening, when on April 20 Governor Henry McMaster allowed the reopening of retail stores —Clothing, furniture, footwear, jewelry, luggage, sportswear, books, music, flowers and markets, among others— as long as they operated at a 20% of its usual capacity. Next, the opening of marinas and public beaches was allowed, but with the indication of maintaining social distance.

Colorado he let the indication to stay at home to exchange it for a recommendation: “It is safer to stay at home.” Governor Jared Polis allowed the reopening of retail stores to pick up orders at the door of the premises and also the resumption of visits to properties for sale or for rent. From May 1, the businesses of personal servicesYes, as beauty salons, with precautions. Polis asked citizens to continue to maintain a 65% of the social distance. “We still have work to do, we have not overcome the worst.”

Georgia I had an order from refuge since April 3, which generally applies to temporary phenomena such as a tornado: indicates that people should stay where the episode finds them until authorities confirm that it is safe to leave. In line with White HouseGovernor Brian Kemp opened much of the usual activities of the pre-COVID era: gyms, hair salons, nail salon, bowling alleys and tattoo shops. The restaurants they can return to activity, although in a smaller volume so as not to cause crowds; those will also be allowed to do so cinemas and other places of entertainment. Kemp’s requirements for the reopening include: control the temperature of workers.

Minnesota He maintains his indication to stay home, which he implemented on March 27, but Governor Tim Walz allowed the return to work of certain employees in agriculture, industry and administration. That allowed some 100,000 people recover their jobs from April 27.

Mississippi he let his order stay home will win April 27. At the same time Governor Tate Reeves removed restrictions on retail stores, with the exception of those of close contact such as gyms, spas and dog grooming salons.

Montana decided a reopening in phases, which began on April 26 with the authorization of the religious temples and the Retail stores on the 27th. It is expected that restaurants and bars go back to work from May 4. “But our new normal is going to look different,” said Governor Steve Bullock. “The virus is not gone.”

Oklahoma It did not issue a confinement order, but it did restrict restrictions on commercial, labor, and circulation activity. On April 24, Governor Kevin Stitt allowed the reopening of beauty salons, barbershops and dog grooming. It is expected that on May 1 the restaurants, cinemas, gyms, temples and sports facilities work again, although with limits to avoid crowds.

Tennessee made an exception to his indication to stay home, in effect until April 30, so that from the 27th the reopening of activities with the restaurants. Then the retail stores. At the moment all have been limited to an operation of up to 50% of its usual capacity, with no more than six diners per tableNPR detailed. Owners must control that neither employees — who should use masks and gloves– neither the clients show signs of infection.

What will happen to the rest of the states?

Many of the country’s remaining states have Orders to stay home valid only until Thursday, April 30. Governors could drop them, as some have already done, or renew them as they did Michiganwhere Governor Gretchen Whitmer extended it to the May 15or. They can also do exceptions for certain businesses, as was also done in Michigan, which allowed for outdoor activities and requested the use of face masks on public transport of their cities, including Detroit, one of the hardest hit by COVID-19.

Some governors have already laid out detailed plans, such as Brad Little, who plans to reopen Idaho in stages. The first will include temples, in early May. Then the restaurants, gyms and beauty salons, at the end of that month. Some recreation facilities, such as nightclubs and the cinemas, they must wait until the end of June.

Other governors are still working on their plans and closely following what happens in those who have already taken the first steps of reopening. “We will make an announcement soon, obviously, because we have reached the end of the month,” he said. DeSantis in reference to your order to stay home for the Florida is one of those that ends. “I’m less concerned with having a precise date than doing it the right way,” he added.

Florida like Texas, is one of these most important states among those that have not yet expressed a path before the imminence of the end of the restrictions, because they are the fourth and third most populous, respectively. In the list of unknowns accompany them Alabama, Arizona, Louisiana, Maine, and Nevada.

The rest of the states – among them Californiathe first to take preventive measures — they will remain closed until a little later. “The most affected, such as New York and New Jersey, part of a metropolitan area of ​​about 32 million people, the governors noted that even the limited resumption of commercial activities is still weeks awayReuters reported.

New York City tests a pilot program of its Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), responsible for the metro, buses and two railway lines. The first steps has been to install vinyl shields to further separate passengers and drivers and control the temperature of its more than 3,500 employees. “We will continue to focus on users, employees, hygiene and social distance,” MTA spokesperson Meredith Daniels told CNN. Also the Transit Authority of Chicago “It prepares a versatile and strategic framework,” as defined by its president, Dorval Carter Jr., to “meet the demands of the new normal.”


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