At the same time, among the Russians, the demand for the emergence of the trade unions was expressed: 71% spoke about the need for their work in modern Russia. Every second (52%) of the respondents believe that the unions can work effectively; 37% do not agree.
Why not believe in the unions
"Responding to the question of whether unions are necessary, modern Russians do not mean the traditional trade union organizations with local committees and contributions, steps and leaders," said Stepan Lvov, director of strategic development at VTsIOM. Consider this response as one of the manifestations of the request for protection of workers' rights without much hope for effective collective protection.
Lvov notes that the Russians need a safety net in the form of union organizations for complacency. The cause of the trade union crisis does not consider their work poor, but the peculiarities of modern society, in which the professional identity "does not imply solidarity". The individual protection of rights with the participation of state bodies or professional lawyers is often more effective than collective action and the interests of employers and workers are more likely to coincide rather than collide, says Lvov.
The VCIOM-Sputnik initiative survey across Russia was conducted on 12 February by a telephone interview using a random two-base random sample and 1.6 thousand randomized respondents. Data are weighted by selection probability and socio-demographic parameters. The size of the error with a probability of 95% does not exceed 2.5%.
The VTsIOM survey reflects the reality of the situation: the unions are only sporadically active in modern Russia, not conducting systematic work to protect workers' rights and improve the status of workers, said political scientist Nikolai Mironov to the RBC. The state protects the interests of large trading companies, and all post-Soviet time, work has been done to reduce the role of trade unions, according to their domestication, considers the expert.
"The authorities do not need organized social and trade union protests, but their job is to divide them," says Mironov. "As a result of the long purchase or killing policy, the trade unions weakened, became more similar to decorations, they focused more on small-scale actions and palliative initiatives than on truly systemic and large-scale jobs." The lack of strong unions leads to the lack of payment of wages and reductions and to small spontaneous unions it is difficult to resist on the part of large employers, the political scientist concluded.
The uncertainty of the Russians on the effectiveness of the trade unions is linked to the fact that they often regard them as a sort of external organization that is not connected to them, the vice-president of the Confederation of Labor of Russia and deputy State Duma of Russia equida Oleg Shein The deputy insists: the union is the organization of the same workers and the idea of him as a legal office ", where the employee will turn and a strict man will arrive to the director, after of which a salary will be paid to everyone "does not correspond to reality. To strengthen the unions, it is first necessary to increase the level of self-organization of workers, concludes Shein.