Astronomers at the Institute for Computational Cosmology at the University of Durham, in the United Kingdom, have recreated from 3D simulations the consequences that a planet like Earth would suffer if it collided with another celestial body. The result is a stunning video that shows the different endings that this gigantic crash would house.
The objective of this research was, according to the university center, to show how these planets “with thin atmospheres could have evolved in a young solar system, depending on dHow are they affected by other objects? “
“The findings provide a greater understanding of what happens during these giant impacts, which scientists know are common and important events in the evolution of planets, both in our solar system and beyond, “said Durham University.
So, during each simulation, researchers altered speed and angle impact of two bodies to check what results and consequences are obtained in each crash. To simulate these collisions – on the other hand unlikely in the very long term – they have used the COSMA (Cosmology Machine) supercomputer.
In the first case, they observed that the impacts like the one believed to have formed our moon “They lead to much less atmospheric loss than direct impact.” They also saw that head-on collisions and with higher speeds lead to much greater atmospheric erosion, which can sometimes lead to complete destruction of the atmosphere.