On Monday, 3,786 new confirmed cases were added, which is the most in one day since mid-April and about five hundred more than a week ago. Another 1758 cases are kept as reinfections.
According to Pazdiora, there was no significant decrease in the number of cases in the summer months, as in previous years. “A high prevalence of positive people remained from the summer months, and this, after the reunion of school and work teams, is now affecting the increase in the number of illnesses,” he explains.
According to him, the situation is in some respects worse than in the previous two years. “In the last week, we have approximately 22,000 confirmed infections. In 2020, we had roughly thirteen thousand infections in the same period, and three thousand last year. It can be seen that the infection is spreading unhindered, we cannot even boast that it is less serious, 41 people have died in the last week,” says Pazdiora.
The daily increase of infected people in a week-on-week comparison has been increasing for two weeks, with the exception of last Saturday. The incidence rate, i.e. the number of new cases of infection in the last seven days per 100,000 inhabitants, is also increasing. As of Tuesday, it is 142, a week ago it was almost twenty lower. The highest incidence is in Prague with 156 cases, the lowest in the Karlovy Vary region with 94 cases.
Studio ČT24: The priority of the Institute of Epidemiology of the Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen Petr Pazdior to the development of the covid situation
The burden on hospitals
Compared to last week, however, the number of people who ended up in hospital with the infection decreased. There were 806 hospitalized after this weekend, 863 last Monday data on the website Ministry of Health. In addition to those hospitalized, the number of patients with covid in a serious condition also decreased, from 30 a week ago to the current 24.
However, Pazdiora warned that the number of people in hospitals was also lower during the same period in previous years. “The burden on hospitals is high. In 2020, when we still didn’t have medicines and vaccines available, there were 544 hospitalized people, and it worried us much more then,” he points out. According to him, the burden on health professionals has not changed much, although he acknowledges that patients often stay in hospital for a shorter time than before and fewer of them end up in the ICU.
He himself would advocate a return to wearing respirators in health and social facilities and in public transport. “We are still very far from the end of the pandemic and we should do everything to ensure that the disease affects as few people as possible in the Czech Republic,” he added.
The ministry and experts appeal especially to the elderly and the seriously ill to get revaccinated with the onset of autumn. A more significant worsening of the epidemiological situation can occur with the arrival of colder weather, i.e. in October and November. Due to the spread of the coronavirus, the state is not yet preparing other recommendations than the use of respirators in healthcare and social facilities.
According to demographers, vaccinations have saved lives
According to new research, vaccination has reduced the number of deaths from covid-19 in the Czech Republic up to three and a half times, according to data from the National Institute for Research on Socioeconomic Impacts of Diseases and Systemic Risks (SYRI).
Demographers chose the last quarter of last year, when the delta variant prevailed in the Czech population, as a representative time period for their research. In the same period, all people in the Czech Republic over the age of twelve had the opportunity to be vaccinated.
According to official statistics, 5,797 people died in connection with covid-19 in the last three months of last year. “Based on demographic methods, we first estimated how many people would hypothetically die in connection with the covid-19 disease in the mentioned three-month period, if no one had been vaccinated,” described Dzúrová. Together with her colleague Klára Hulíková Tesárková, she reached the figure of 20,800.
“The difference between the hypothetical number of deaths and the number of reported deaths gives an estimate of the number of deaths that did not occur due to vaccination, which is almost 15 thousand. It can be concluded that vaccination probably reduced the number of deaths by 3.5 times,” said Dzúrová.
According to scientists, the study proves that vaccination against the disease covid-19 saves from death very significantly. “Despite the substantiated results, many people are still distrustful of vaccination,” said the scientist.
Vaccination rate in the Czech Republic at the level of Pakistan
According to SYRI, 6.888 million people, or 64.4 percent of the population, had been fully vaccinated in the Czech Republic as of September 7 this year. According to Dzúrová, this share is relatively low and is comparable to, for example, Pakistan.
“Unfortunately, this applies to all of Eastern Europe. For example, in Bulgaria, Poland and Romania, vaccination against covid-19 is minimal, but this also applies to seasonal flu. In contrast, countries such as Cuba, Portugal, Chile, Vietnam, China, Singapore, Brazil, Canada, Italy and Japan have the highest complete vaccination coverage of the population, over 85 percent,” said Dzúrová.
According to her, low vaccination rates are often related to the anti-vaxxer movement, which is particularly strong in post-Soviet countries. “It is probably motivated by general mistrust, but also by cultural beliefs and ideology. For example, in Ukraine, only about a third of the population is vaccinated, the very low vaccination rate here also applies to other diseases, such as measles and diphtheria or polio,” added Dzúrová.