The world is shocked with the discovery of possible life on venus. After a joint study by 5 universities of U.S and Europe, they will find signs of high clouds of that planet, which contain phosphine, a gas that in the land It is only produced at an industrial level or by microbes that live in an environment with oxygen.
The phosphine is a toxic derivative of phosphorus, a chemical element used for various industrial and household products in the land. It is also used as a weapon, insecticide and is a residue from the production of methamphetamine, A drug.
While the scenario of life on Venus is almost impossible, due to the pressure that is equivalent to 1600 meters below sea level and its atmosphere is made of toxic gases that heats its surface to more than 400 degrees, it has been proven that in its highest rocky zone, if there are conditions that could harbor some type of life since the atmospheric pressure changes to one more similar to that in the land.
Detection of molecules phosphine, which consist of hydrogen and phosphorus, could point to this alien aerial life. The new discovery is described in an article published in Nature Astronomy.
HOW WAS THE FINDING WORKED?
Experts from universities such as Kyoto, Cardiff or the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, they worked with the use of telescopes with a wavelength of 1 millimeter, some located in Hawai, others in Chile. In this way they determined that the activity of cloudiness in Venus It behaved very similarly to that of the earth and although the theory is still under study, the news has already caused a stir internationally.
“This was an experiment done out of sheer curiosity, actually, taking advantage of JCMT’s powerful technology and thinking about future instruments. We thought we could rule out extreme scenarios, like clouds full of organisms. When we got the first hints of phosphine in the Venus spectrum, it was a shock!“said in a statement the Royal Astronomical Society.
WHAT WOULD LIFE BE IN VENUS?
To create the observed amount of phosphine in Venus, terrestrial organisms would only need to work at about 10 percent of their maximum productivity, according to calculations by Paul Rimmer from University of Cambridge. However, it is likely that any microbe in Venus is very different from its terrestrial cousins to survive in hyperacid conditions. Terrestrial bacteria can absorb phosphate minerals, add hydrogen, and ultimately expel the phosphine gas. It costs them energy to do this, so it is not clear why they do it.
“Finding phosphine on Venus was an unexpected bonus! The discovery raises many questions, such as how organisms could survive. On Earth, some microbes can cope with about 5 percent acid in their environment, but the clouds on Venus are almost entirely made up of acid, “says Dr. Clara Sousa Silva of MIT.