Third world baby boom as fertility rates plummet in richer nations


A global baby boom while women in the world are developing their children's births in the world datasets on a country-by-country basis. The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), set up at the University of Washington by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, used more than 8,000 data sources – more than 600 of them new – to compile one of the most detailed looks at global public health.Their sources included in-country investigations, social media and open-source material.

This graph shows the percentage change in total fertility rates from 1975 to 2017 for women aged 30 to 54 years old. The map reveals huge changes (i.e. drops) in fertility rates in developed countries such as the US, the UK and Australia

In Africa and Asia, it is not enough to continue their current populations. PICTURED: The global total fertility rate distributed by number of live births by region for both sexes from 1950 to 2017

PICTURED: The global total fertility rate distributed by maternal age for both sexes from 1950 to 2017. Founded in 2005 to 7.6 billion last year, that growth was deeply uneven according to region and income.Ninety-one in Africa and North America, they were not enough children to sustain their current populations, according to the IHME study.But in Africa and Asia children during her lifetime.Ali Mokdad, Professor of Health Metrics Sciences at IHME, told AFP that he was a socially . She is delaying her pregnancies and will have fewer babies.'The IHME found that Cyprus was the least fertile nation on Earth, with the average woman giving birth just once in her life.By contrast, women in Mali, Chad and Afghanistan have more than six babies.

The mortality, more disability'The United Nations will be more than 10 billion humans on the planet by the middle of the century, broadly in line with IHME's projection.This raises the question of how many people our world can support, known as Earth's' carrying capacity'.Mokdad said that while developing economies.This typically has a knock-on effect on fertility rates over time.'In Asia and Africa the population is still increasing and people are moving to better income – unless there are wars or unrest, 'he said.'Countries are expected to do better economically and it's more likely that fertility there will decline and level out.'Not only are there now billions more than us than 70 years ago, but we are also living longer than ever before.The study, published in The Lancet medical journal, showed negative life expectancy had increased to 71 years from 48 in 1950. Women are now expected to live to 76, compared to 53 years in 1950. Loving longer brings its own health problems, as we age and impaired and place greater burdens on our healthcare systems. The IHME said heart disease was now the leading cause of death globally. As recently as 1990, neonatal disorders were the biggest killer, followed by lung disease and diarrhoea.

Worldwide, confirming that heart disease is the top cause globally

Fertility rates in many African countries continue to rise, the study showed Uzbekistan, Ukraine and Azerbaijan had the lowest death rates from heart disease, whereas South Korea, Japan and France had among the lowest.You see less mortality from infectious diseases as countries get richer Mokdad.He pointed out that although deaths from infectious diseases like malaria and tuberculosis have been reduced since 1990, new, non-communicable killers have taken their place.There are certain behaviors they are leading to an increase in cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Obesity is number one – it is increasing every year and our behavior is contributing to that. '

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