towards the end of the hegemony of the United States?


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Small glue: which selection took 3is place of the first World Cup (male) in 1930? Answer: the United States. Since then, the country has never gone beyond the quarter-finals and is better known as overbearing women's football. Inaugurated in 1991, the Women's World Cup in seven editions has a surprising record for the football fan stuck in the performance of these gentlemen. We do not find the "classic" headlining of the round ball in its masculine version.

The United States has triumphed three times, Norway and Japan, each named once: who can imagine, at the moment, that one of these teams can reign over male football? Of course, with Germany named in 2003 and 2007, we find ourselves in a more familiar terrain. But the Mannschaft is the only one, until today, that has been sacred for both women and men (1954, 1974, 1990 and 2014). On the other hand, women kickers from winning countries, such as Uruguay, Italy or Argentina, still seem far from the brand.

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This year, in France, for the 8this World Cup edition (from 7 June to 7 July 2019), 24 countries will compete, including five newcomers: Chile, Scotland, South Africa, Jamaica and Thailand. We will also find regular customers, always present for the finals: Brazil, Germany, Japan, Nigeria, Norway, Sweden and the United States.

Cultural exception

The United States imposes an imposing domination, which can even make one blush those of their Brazilian soccer players, five titles but in 21 editions. The voracious Americans leave only crumbs to the competition: three victories in seven editions, but also four gold medals in six Olympic tournaments, an important competition for women.

This domination is widely explained by a crucial cultural exception: in the United States football has long been considered a sport for women. Since the '70s, schools, colleges and universities have formed a large pool of young talents. In the 90s, the success story of Mia Hamm, a military girl born with a wrong foot in Alabama, also participated in the boom in women's football. The player with 158 goals in 276 appearances was the first international star.

The American selection radiates and unleashes the crowd: in 1999, the World Cup final brings together 90,000 fans at the Rose Bowl Stadium in Pasadena, California, until today the highest participation of a women's sporting event. The first 100% professional women's United Soccer Association was created in 2001. In 2015, the US-Japan World Cup final is followed by 25.4 million US viewers, more than the NBA finals. the same year (19.94 million).


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