HIGHLIGHTS

  • Until September 14, 61,569 cases of COVID-19 are reported, 49,371 people recovered and 494 deaths. The most affected states: Capital District, Miranda, Zulia and Apure.

  • The trend of people returning to the country continues, and between the beginning of April and the beginning of September, more than 90,000 people have returned to Venezuela through land borders.

  • As of July 2020, humanitarian actors have reached 3.4 million people, including 1.9 million people, as part of the response to COVID-19.

  • The socioeconomic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic raise concerns about the possible exacerbation of humanitarian needs in the region and in Venezuela.

  • Through September 15, $ 139.9 million was received for humanitarian activities, including funds for the United Nations, international and national NGOs.

KEY FIGURES

3.4M reached with assistance through July

1.9M reached with COVID aid until July

239 Plan projects implemented in 2020

ANALYSIS

Overview of the Situation

As of September 14, the authorities have confirmed 61,569 cases of COVID-19 in the country, 49,371 people recovered and 494 deaths. In July there was a 300 percent increase in the number of confirmed cases, with an average of 403 daily cases. Since the beginning of July, the trend of a more marked increase in cases of community transmission than in imported cases has been maintained. As of September 14, authorities had confirmed 8,100 cases in returnees, representing 12.9 percent of all cases.

The capital region has become the main zone of transmission of the virus, surpassing the infection rates of the border states. Caracas and the nearby state of Miranda have reported the most active cases.

On the impact of COVID-19 in indigenous communities, PAHO / WHO reported between the confirmation of the first cases in the country and until August 2, 179 cases were confirmed in indigenous populations, including three deaths. Bolívar state reported 68.5 percent of these cases (123) and the rest were notified in the states of Zulia (43 cases, 2 deaths), Amazonas (12 cases) and Delta Amacuro (1 fatal case). The Pemón and Wayú indigenous ethnic groups have been the most affected.

As of September 14, a total of 1,864,663 diagnostic tests for COVID-19 have been performed, including rapid diagnostic tests and PCR diagnostic tests. The authorities continue their efforts to decentralize and increase PCR diagnostic capacity with the support of PAHO / WHO. To this end, PAHO / WHO is contributing to the strengthening of diagnostic capacity within the framework of the collaboration agreement between the Ministry of Popular Power for Health and the advisory team of the National Assembly, to continue advancing in the established priority lines for the response to COVID-19. On September 6, the Regional Public Health Laboratory “Dr. Félix Pifano ”, located in Yaracuy state. The Laboratory will serve the population of the state of Yaracuy, and also the states of Lara, Portuguesa, Cojedes, and neighboring municipalities. The Félix Pifano laboratories in Yaracuy state and José Gregorio Hernández in Miranda state joined the Rafael Rangel National Institute of Hygiene, its mobile laboratory, and the Venezuelan Institute of Scientific Research (IVIC) and the country reached a total of five centers processing samples for molecular testing (PCR).

The trend of people returning to the country continues, with authorities estimating that more than 90,000 people have returned to Venezuela across land borders since the beginning of April, the majority through the state of Táchira, since mid-March. The 96 temporary accommodation spaces (PASI) established by the authorities in the border states (Táchira, Apure, Amazonas, Delta Amacuro, Zulia and La Guaira), continue to provide service so that the returnees fulfill the quarantine period of at least two weeks, before being transferred to the destination states.

At the national level, due to the increase in cases of community transmission in several areas, national and regional authorities have established additional spaces in hotels, sports centers and conventions or sports villages for the temporary accommodation of asymptomatic or asymptomatic people diagnosed with COVID-19. with mild symptoms.

On August 9, the national authorities announced the thirty-day extension of the State of Alarm and the quarantine and physical distancing measures that have been implemented since March 13, extending the validity of the decree for 30 days. The National Institute of Civil Aeronautics announced the restriction of air operations for the same period throughout the country with the exception of cargo, humanitarian, repatriation, mail, or flights authorized by the United Nations.

The authorities have continued to implement the quarantine scheme and partial flexibility of activities with a differentiated application at three levels, ranging from radical quarantine to the implementation of the relaxation of some sectors alternating seven days of activity for seven days of quarantine, according to with the evaluation carried out by the authorities on the territorial evolution of the situation.

Gasoline shortages are reported in most of the country, despite the implementation of the dual pricing scheme, which includes subsidized and unsubsidized prices. In various areas several weeks are reported without fuel, while several towns that still have supply have restricted the provision of the service to priority sectors.

In various states of the country, limitations in continuous access to water, energy, gas and telecommunications services continue to be reported. There are reports of frequent power outages that affect several states, some exceeding 8 and 10 hours a day, as well as the growing number of people using biomass and firewood for cooking due to the lack of domestic gas.

The socioeconomic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic have increased concern about the possible exacerbation of humanitarian needs in the region and in Venezuela. According to ECLAC estimates on the evolution and impact of COVID-19 in Latin America, Venezuela’s Gross Domestic Product will decrease by 26 percent in 2020, within the framework of a regional decline that will also affect unemployment rates, poverty and inequality.

In this regard, FAO has indicated that the increase in poverty in the region will impact on the risks of a real food crisis, not because of the lack of food, but because of the scarcity of resources to acquire it, with Venezuela being one of the most affected countries in the world. the region. In particular, the drop in the purchasing power of the minimum wage and high inflation limit the ability to access quality food and diets.

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