Having come to power in 2013, Nicolás Maduro was sworn in for a second term on Thursday. In the presence of very few of its counterparts.
"The world is bigger than the American empire and its satellite governmentsNicolás Maduro told the Venezuelan Supreme Court on Thursday 10 November, when he took office for a second term. Arrived in power after the death of Hugo Chávez in 2013, he was reinvested for six years at the head of a country plagued by a profound economic, social and institutional crisis, until 2025.
Considered illegitimate by Washington, the European Union (EU) and many foreign leaders, the president appeared alone during this ceremony. Only four of his nineteen Latin American counterparts had made the trip to Caracas: Cuban presidents Miguel Díaz-Canel, Bolivian Evo Morales, Nicaraguan Daniel Ortega and Salvadoran Salvador Sánchez Cerén, the Venezuelan newspaper reported El Nacional. Also present was the leader of South Ossetia, a pro-Russian republic not recognized by theUN. Turkey and Suriname sent their vice-presidents. Other countries, such as Mexico, Uruguay and China have sent second-level officials.
theEU, through the spokesperson of his diplomatic service, Maja Kocijancic, once again called for new elections. "We regret that despite repeated calls from the international community, including theEUno new elections were held in accordance with international standards. In this context, theEU and member states will not participate today in the presidential inaugural session ", he confirmed.
On Thursday, Paraguay discontinued diplomatic relations with Venezuela, ordering the closure of the embassy in Caracas, another Venezuelan newspaper, Últimas Noticias. The countries of the Organization of American States (OAS) – with the votes of Argentina, the United States, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador and Canada – against the recognition of the legitimacy of Nicolás Maduro's mandate. And the Brazilian government of Jair Bolsonaro reiterated, through a declaration by its Foreign Ministry mentioned byAFP, its support for the Venezuelan National Assembly, which is controlled by the opposition.
"Maduro still controls the weapons and the money"
Maduro, accustomed to presenting Beijing and Moscow as his great international champions, was accompanied during his sworn ceremony by the Vice President of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, Ilyas Umakhanov, and by the Chinese Minister of Agriculture, Han Changfu. Many observers have drawn attention to the modest representations of these two allied powers ", for his part, emphasizes BBC Mundo. The title of the website elsewhere: "As the inauguration of Maduro bears witness to its international isolation."
"What consequences?" the article continues. Several experts interviewed by this Spanish branch of British radio insist on the economic repercussions of banning an oil exporting country like Venezuela, and in particular those of international sanctions imposed on the country. Is this likely to bend your head to the Venezuelan state? David Smilde, a researcher at the Washington Office in Latin America (Wola), did not hide his skepticism: "Maduro still controls the weapons and the money, so it does not seem that things are changing much in the short term."