Times of crisis, such as those experienced with the Covid 19 pandemic, are often catalysts for the faster introduction of innovations and technologies.
The importance of artificial intelligence also serves to get the Covid 19 pandemic under control – be it for a better overview, for tracing or quickly identifying infections. AI is generally associated with “future” and projects such as driverless automobile development. Nevertheless, it could be part of her legacy what she is already doing during the crisis. The application possibilities seem endless, according to the experts from WisdomTree Europe. So it is likely that AI will play an important role in the early phase of vaccine development.
AI has already grown rapidly and has been used in more and more areas of the data-driven world. Covid-19 has accelerated some of these uses and made the technology more user-friendly and familiar. In order to understand exactly what difference artificial intelligence makes, it is worthwhile to use a few examples to illustrate the range of activities that would be carried out using artificial intelligence during the pandemic.
Rizwan Malik, senior radiologist at the Royal Bolton Hospital, which is operated by the National Health Service (NHS) in the UK, has designed a clinical trial to help patients get their first X-ray results faster. The wait for specialists could sometimes take up to six hours. He has identified a promising AI-based breast X-ray system and set up a test that should be carried out over six months. The system should provide a second opinion for all chest X-rays that have been processed by its trainees.
Malik then checked whether the system’s conclusion coincided with his own, and if so, he introduced it as a constant check for his trainees. When Covid-19 struck, the AI-based system had become an important method for identifying certain features of the virus that were visible on breast X-rays. Although the system was not perfect, it was nevertheless an interesting case study for the use of computer systems in medical imaging.
An excellent example of cooperation that was significant during the crisis was the “Covid-19 Open Research Dataset” published by three organizations. The data set includes more than 24,000 research papers from peer-reviewed journals and other sources. The National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health has given access to existing scientific publications. Microsoft has used its algorithms to research relevant articles. The non-profit Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence then converted these articles from websites and PDFs into a structured format, which in turn could be processed by other algorithms.
Many major cities affected by Covid-19 would have faced the same problem – providing proper care to those who needed it without overwhelming hospitals. It was also extremely important to help people “diagnose” themselves and stay away from the hospital if it wasn’t absolutely necessary. The Providence St. Joseph Health System in Seattle provided a suitable solution. Together with Microsoft, it set up an online screening and diagnostic tool. This made it easy to distinguish between Covid-19 infected people and people without a life-threatening illness. In the first week of operation alone, 40,000 patients were treated with it.
As a result of the Covid 19 pandemic, the unemployment rate in the United States rose to 14.7 percent. This led to an unprecedented number of people who would submit applications for unemployment benefits and ask questions to various authorities. For example, millions of applications have been made in Texas since early March. In order to deal with the questions that arise, the federal state relies on chatbots. Using artificial intelligence, they would answer questions from unemployed residents.
Other states, such as Georgia and South Carolina, have reported similar activities. To give an impression of the scale: The system used in Texas can manage 20,000 users at the same time. One could imagine how much staff would be required to process the same number of requests at the same time.
These are just four of the myriad ways artificial intelligence has been used to help in the Covid 19 pandemic. The experts would continue to hope for cures and vaccinations, the development of which would serve AI well. In addition, the experts would expect further innovative AI applications that would benefit society in the long term. (May 12, 2020 / ac / a / m)